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High Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane

Sandia National Laboratories

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PDF Document PublicationMarket Sheet  (976 KB)

Technology Marketing Summary

Polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) have been identified as an attractive electrical power source due to it having a higher efficiency level and being an environmental friendly energy source.  In comparison with other types of fuel cells, PEFCs have a high power density, low weight to power ratio, and utilize a proton exchange membrane (PEM) as its electrolyte.  Some types of membranes that are in use have displayed issues such as reduced conductivity and membranes dehydration at high temperatures. 


Sandia National Laboratories has created an improved composition for producing proton exchange membranes for use in fuel cells, electrode casting solutions, and in sulfur dioxide electrolyzers.  This invention features an innovative crosslinked sulfonated poly (phenylene) copolymer composition.  The crosslinked feature will remove the issues that previous types of membranes had and will result in membranes that are tougher, have high termperature capabilities, and have lower SO2 crossover rates. 

  • Crosslinking allow for the density of ionic functional groups to be increased, which means tougher membranes with higher IECs
  • Design prevents membranes from changing at higher temperatures
  • New material has enhanced water management
  • Membranes have high conductivity and efficiency
Applications and Industries
  • Chemical Applications
  • Transportation and Automotive
  • Fuel Cells
  • Dialysis Equipment
  • Ultrafiltration
Patents and Patent Applications
ID Number
Title and Abstract
Primary Lab
Patent 7,816,482
Epoxy-crosslinked sulfonated poly (phenylene) copolymer proton exchange membranes
An epoxy-crosslinked sulfonated poly(phenylene) copolymer composition used as proton exchange membranes, methods of making the same, and their use as proton exchange membranes (PEM) in hydrogen fuel cells, direct methanol fuel cell, in electrode casting solutions and electrodes, and in sulfur dioxide electrolyzers. These improved membranes are tougher, have higher temperature capability, and lower SO.sub.2 crossover rates.
Sandia National Laboratories 10/19/2010
Technology Status
Technology IDDevelopment StageAvailabilityPublishedLast Updated
SD#11210Prototype - Sandia estimates this technology at approximately TRL 6. Deliverable prototype testing has been conducted.Available - Various license and partnering options are available. Please contact the Intellectual Property department to discuss. 09/28/201103/19/2013

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