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Single zymomonas mobilis strain for xylose and arabinose fermentation

United States Patent

December 1, 1998
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
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This invention relates to single microorganisms which normally do not ferment pentose sugars which are genetically altered to ferment the pentose sugars, xylose and arabinose, to produce ethanol, and a fermentation process utilizing the same. Examples include Zymomonas mobilis which has been transformed with a combination of E. coli genes for xylose isomerase, xylulokinase, L-arabinose isomerase, L-ribulokinase, L-ribulose 5-phosphate 4-epimerase, transaldolase and transketolase. Expression of added genes are under the control of Z. mobilis promoters. These newly created microorganisms are useful for fermenting glucose, xylose and arabinose, produced by hydrolysis of hemicellulose and cellulose or starch, to produce ethanol.
Zhang; Min (Lakewood, CO), Chou; Yat-Chen (Wheat Ridge, CO), Picataggio; Stephen K. (Landenberg, PA), Finkelstein; Mark (Fort Collins, CO)
Midwest Research Institute (Kansas City, MI)
08/ 851,767
May 6, 1997
CONTRACTUAL ORIGIN OF THE INVENTION The United States Government has rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC36-83CH10093 between the United States Department of Energy and the Midwest Research Institute.