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Methods and apparatus of entangled photon generation using four-wave mixing

United States Patent

February 23, 2016
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
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A non-linear optical device is provided. The device comprises an optical disk or ring microresonator fabricated from a material that exhibits an optical nonlinearity able to produce degenerate four-wave mixing (FWM) in response to a pump beam having a pump frequency in a specified effective range. The microresonator is conformed to exhibit an angular group velocity minimum at a pump frequency within the specified effective range such that there is zero angular group velocity dispersion at the pump frequency. We refer to such a pump frequency as the "zero dispersion frequency". In embodiments, excitation of the resonator by a pump beam of sufficient intensity at the zero-dispersion frequency causes the resonator to emit a frequency comb of entangled photon pairs wherein the respective frequencies in each pair are symmetrically placed about the zero-dispersion frequency.
Camacho; Ryan (Albuquerque, NM)
Sandia Corporation (Albuquerque, NM)
14/ 102,311
December 10, 2013
STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT INTEREST This invention was developed under Contract DE-AC04-94AL85000 between Sandia Corporation and the U.S. Department of Energy. The U.S. Government has certain rights in this invention.