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Pyrochlore catalysts for hydrocarbon fuel reforming

United States Patent

August 14, 2012
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
U.S. Department of Energy - Visit the Office of the Assistant General Counsel for Technology Transfer & Intellectual Property Website
A method of catalytically reforming a reactant gas mixture using a pyrochlore catalyst material comprised of one or more pyrochlores having the composition A.sub.2B.sub.2-y-zB'.sub.yB''.sub.zO.sub.7-.DELTA., where y>0 and z.gtoreq.0. Distribution of catalytically active metals throughout the structure at the B site creates an active and well dispersed metal locked into place in the crystal structure. This greatly reduces the metal sintering that typically occurs on supported catalysts used in reforming reactions, and reduces deactivation by sulfur and carbon. Further, oxygen mobility may also be enhanced by elemental exchange of promoters at sites in the pyrochlore. The pyrochlore catalyst material may be utilized in catalytic reforming reactions for the conversion of hydrocarbon fuels into synthesis gas (H.sub.2+CO) for fuel cells, among other uses.
Berry; David A. (Morgantown, WV), Shekhawat; Dushyant (Morgantown, WV), Haynes; Daniel (Morgantown, WV), Smith; Mark (Morgantown, WV), Spivey; James J. (Baton Rouge, LA)
The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy (Washington, DC), N/A (
13/ 222,297
August 31, 2011
GOVERNMENT INTERESTS The United States Government has rights in this invention pursuant to the employer-employee relationship of the Government to the inventors as U.S. Department of Energy employees and site-support contractors at the National Energy Technology Laboratory.