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Browse Industrial Technologies Marketing Summaries

Industrial Technologies Marketing Summaries

Here you’ll find marketing summaries of industrial technologies available for licensing from U.S. Department of Energy laboratories and participating research institutions. The summaries provide descriptions of the technologies including their benefits, applications and industries, and development stage.

356 Technology Marketing Summaries
CategoryTitle and AbstractLaboratoriesDate
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Geologic and Environmental Probe System

Migration of contaminants from buried waste sites can be a threat to the safety of groundwater resources.  Ideally, migration of contaminants would be detected as close as possible to the source, minimizing aquifer impact and cleanup costs.  However, monitoring within or beneath waste sites is generally avoided due to the resulting surface contamination created during insertion of traditional monitoring devices.  Researchers at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) in Idaho... read more

04/15/2014
Updated!
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The Sandia Cooler

In a conventional CPU cooler, the heat transfer bottleneck is the boundary layer of "dead air" that clings to the cooling fins.  This insulating layer is largely unaffected by the impinging airflow generated by the fan.  The radically different approach described herein overcomes this thermal bottleneck, generating a several-fold improvement in cooling performance in a device that is smaller, quieter, and immune to clogging by dust. 

04/10/2014
Updated!
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Early Stage R&DA SERS Method for Handheld Portable Raman

Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) has made an initial investment in the research and development of Surface Enhanced Raman hardware capable of being integrated into a handheld Raman system, which can provide detection for certain analytes down to ppm levels.  The developed method concentrates vapor phase analytes for subsequent deposition onto a functionalized SERS surface.   SNL is seeking commercial partners who are interested in investing in the further development of this... read more

03/25/2014
New!
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Predictive Control of Hot Water Heaters

Water heating in residential homes can account for as much as 15% of total energy use. It is the second largest end use after space heating and cooling. With a renewed interest in energy efficiency for both financial and environmental reasons, water heater companies have seen increased demand from consumers for more efficient water heaters. While various technologies have been developed, control systems can add significant savings to the best technologies.

02/28/2014
Updated!
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Early Stage R&DMicrosystems R&D and Fabrication

Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) seeks parties interested in utilizing world-class facilities to advance the "state-of-the-art" in microsystems research and development and fabrication.  

02/27/2014
New!
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Improved Solar Power Plant Efficiency: Low Cost Solar Irradiance Sensor

A University of Colorado research group led by Fernando Mancilla-David has developed a low cost irradiance sensor using a network modeled on a neural network. In this approach, a trained NN algorithm uses a small number of PV cells arranged into a small sensing PV panel, as well as a temperature sensor and a low-cost microcontroller, to directly sense solar irradiance; this data can then be fed back into the MPP tracking algorithm to dynamically improve PV efficiency as conditions change.

... read more

01/08/2014
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Nanoparticle Superlattices for Custom-designed Metamaterials

Many properties of materials depend on their structural symmetry—for example, piezoelectricity is simply not observed in high-symmetry configurations. When the building blocks of a lattice are isotropic (perfectly uniform), they rarely form a low-symmetry crystal system. Now, by controlling the interlinking of isotropic nanoparticles, it is possible to custom-design the symmetry of a self-assembled lattice and enhance the desired properties in the full nanomaterial.

12/30/2013
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High Bandgap Phosphide Approaches for LED Applications

NREL scientists have devised a set of innovations to allow the manufacture of green and amber LEDs with high quantum efficiencies.  These innovations enable a novel approach for obtaining LEDs that emit in the green, yellow and red regions of the visible spectrum, thus enabling white light LEDs with flexible Color Rendering Index (CRI) characteristics. 

12/27/2013
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Techniques for Growth of Lattice-Matched Semiconductor Layers

There are many potential applications for high-performance devices fabricated using III-V materials, including high efficiency solar cells, solid-state lighting, and high-speed transistors. In each case, the specific device designs rely on combinations of various materials where the lattice mismatch between the different materials can introduce problems for device performance and the deposition processes can be cost-prohibitive. With each of these markets approaching multi-billion dollars... read more

12/27/2013
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Electro-deposition of Bi-axial Textured Layers on a Substrate

To be commercially viable, superconducting materials used in various applications must have high critical current densities because high electrical current is required to power any significant load. It has been shown that superconducting materials formed with bi-axially textured layers have superior critical current densities. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory has developed electro-deposited, bi-axially textured buffer layers for depositing a superconducting material onto a substrate... read more

12/27/2013
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Vanadium Dioxide Microactuators

Berkeley Lab researchers Junqiao Wu, Kai Liu, and Kevin Wang have developed a powerful new microscale actuator that simultaneously achieves high amplitude, high work output, and high speed in both air and water. In fact, this technology is the first to exceed performance limits in amplitude, force, and speed of standard microactuators and piezoelectric devices.

12/19/2013
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Latching Micro Optical Switch

Sandia National Laboratories has developed a latching switch for optical fibers. One or more fibers are moved by an actuator between two positions, off and on. In the off position, two fiber ends are not aligned and light does not pass from the first fiber to the second. In the on position, the ends of two fibers are precisely aligned to make a low-loss optical connection. 

11/27/2013
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High-Speed, Stereoselective Polymerization for Renewable, Bio-Derived Plastics

Fabrication of polymers and plastics from naturally renewable feedstocks offers the potential for a cost-effective and sustainable alternative to petroleum-based polymers. Biomass-derived polymers based on butyrolactones are a potential substitute for petroleum-derived polyacrylic plastics, but methods suitable for large-scale production have been unknown previously.

11/05/2013
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Efficient, Low-cost Microchannel Heat Exchanger

A research team at the University of Colorado has developed a novel heat exchanger design and accompanying manufacturing technique for creating low-cost microchannel heat exchangers from plastics, metals, or ceramics. The prototype used laser welding (upper red lines at right). Expansion makes “chessboard” counter flow pattern (lower right). The figure below shows mass production, where sheets are added one at a time and welded with a mask and filament (left) or laser (right).... read more

10/17/2013
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New Configuration and Materials for Scalable Bioelectrochemical System and Microbial Fuel Cells

Current wastewater treatment processes and membrane based desalination technologies are energy intensive due to the power demand for aeration, sludge treatment, and membrane operation. A research team at the University of Colorado led by Zhiyong (Jason) Ren has developed a bioelectrochemical systems (BES) that exhibits much greater energy production than previous systems and functions reliably under large-scale operating conditions.
 

10/17/2013
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Continuous On-Line Monitoring of Solar Cells

Semiconductor wafers are used for a variety of purposes in the semiconductor, solar cell, transistor, and other industries. Wafer quality often depends on variables such as thickness and surface characteristics. Poor quality wafers may have uneven thickness or uneven surface characteristics; whereas, higher quality wafers will have substantially more uniform thickness and substantially more uniform surface characteristics. Wafer quality can dramatically influence the mechanical and/or... read more

10/16/2013
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The Sandia Wave Reflector

The Sandia wave reflector is a magnetic conductor for wireless transmissions near 433 MHz. The device reflects perpendicular electromagnetic waves in-phase and suppresses surface waves resulting in improved gain performance and effective operation regardless of physical placement.

10/15/2013
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PC Board Mountable Corrosion Sensors

Sandia National Laboratories has created sensors to identify and assess the pervasive and expensive problem of corrosion in applications ranging from construction to microelectronics.

10/14/2013
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Two-Sensor System for Absolute Age and Temperature History

Numerous commercial and military applications require knowing the absolute age and/or temperature history of a device or system starting from the time it is assembled or commissioned. Ideally this information could be obtained simply and without power. The Sandia-developed age and temperature history sensor is a physical materials system solution to address this need.

10/14/2013
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Anodes Improve Safety and Performance in Lithium-ion Batteries

Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries have become the battery of choice for everything from cell phones to electric cars, but there is still much room for improvement. Scientists at Argonne National Laboratory are leading efforts to revolutionize battery technology with the design and development of new battery materials for electrolytes, electrodes, and interfaces that will increase the specific energy of advanced batteries, while simultaneously providing enhanced stability at a lower cost. To... read more

09/25/2013
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Smartgrid EV Communication module (SpEC) SAE DC Charging Digital Communication Controller

One of the major drawbacks of electric vehicles (EVs) is the long period of time required to recharge EV batteries. While regular Alternating Current (AC) charging systems are sufficient for overnight charging of these vehicles at home or at the office, they aren’t practical for quick recharging in public areas. A rapid means for recharging EVs is needed in order to make electric vehicles a practical alternative to traditional internal combustion engine-powered vehicles.

In... read more

09/05/2013
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50 kW Power Block for Distributed Energy Applications

 

Distributed energy (DE) systems have begun to make a significant impact on energy supply and will certainly affect energy needs in the future. These systems include, but are not limited to, photovoltaics (PV), wind turbines, micro-turbines, fuel cells, and internal combustion (IC) engines.  Beyond these generation systems, energy storage and electric vehicles are expected to have an increasing impact. The PV-inverter market alone totaled $7.2 billion in 2011 and is expected... read more

08/05/2013
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Clean Burst Rapid Acoustic Lysis for Point-of-Care Diagnostics

Most biosensors in today’s market and in R&D require a critical sample preparation procedure prior to analysis of cellar contents such as nucleic acids and proteins. Technology is needed to release the cellular contents in a format compatible with nano/microfluidic and Point-of-Care (POC) devices.

 

07/18/2013
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NOVEL LUBRICANT ADDITIVES (10-021)

To develop more fuel efficient and wear resistant engines, advanced lubricants that perform better at high temperature are needed.  Since most lubricating oils begin to oxidize above 250°C, therefore solid lubricating coatings and self-lubricating composites are needed for higher temperature use[i].  Currently used engine oils may contain metal-based lubricant additives such as molybdenum derivatives for enhancing lubricity and zinc compounds for their anti-wear properties[ii].... read more

07/16/2013
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Compact Combination NOx/O2 Sensors for High-Temperature Applications

Argonne, in collaboration with Ohio State University, has developed a compact, bi-functional NOx/O2 sensor with metal/metal oxide internal reference electrode for high-temperature applications. The O2 sensor is a previously developed zirconia O2 sensor with a sealed metal/metal oxide internal reference. The oxygen sensor does not need external air supply to operate and is less expensive than conventional technology. Combination sensors such as these are needed in combustion optimization... read more

07/16/2013
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Redox Shuttle Additives

As the demand for hybrid and electric vehicles continues to grow, so does the demand for lithium-ion batteries that are safer, more powerful, and less expensive. These Argonne additives will help meet that demand.

07/16/2013
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Intermetallic Electrodes Improve Safety and Performance in Lithium-ion Batteries

Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries have become the battery of choice for everything from cell phones to electric cars, but there is still much room for improvement. Scientists at Argonne National Laboratory are leading efforts to revolutionize battery technology with the design and development of new battery materials for electrolytes, electrodes, and interfaces that will increase the specific energy of advanced batteries, while simultaneously providing enhanced stability at a lower cost. To... read more

07/16/2013
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Synthesizing High-Quality Calcium Boride at Nanoscale

With numerous attractive properties, calcium hexaboride offers great promise for many industrial uses, particularly in PEM fuel cells for electric cars. While previous commercial attempts to synthesize the compound have been unsuccessful, scientists at Argonne National Laboratory and Southern Illinois University (SIU) have devised innovative methods for synthesizing high-quality calcium boride nanoparticles.

07/16/2013
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The Economical Remediation of Plastic Waste into Advanced Materials with Coatings (IN-07-070)

Argonne has developed an autogenic pyrolysis process to convert plastic waste into high-value carbon nanotubes (50?100 nm outside diameter) and perfectly round carbon spheres (2-12 μm outside diameter). The tubes can be used as anode material in advanced batteries such as lithium-ion and eventually, lithium-air batteries.

 

07/01/2013
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Copper-tin Electrodes Improve Capacity and Cycle Life for Lithium Batteries

Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries have become the battery of choice for everything from cell phones to electric cars, but there is still much room for improvement. Scientists at Argonne National Laboratory are leading efforts to revolutionize battery technology with the design and development of new battery materials for electrolytes, electrodes, and interfaces that will increase the specific energy of advanced batteries, while simultaneously providing enhanced stability at a lower cost. To... read more

07/01/2013
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Apparatus for measuring minority carrier lifetime using liquid conductor

Solar power generating capacity has grown from 83 MW in 2003 to over 7,200 MW in 2012, in the U.S. alone. As the solar industry grows, there is a significant need for quality control and testing methodologies. Both testing and quality control of photovoltaics (PV) and power electronics are essential to innovation and efficient production. Accurately testing new materials and manufacturing techniques in a quick and simple way can lead to unique insights and reduced manufacturing costs and... read more

06/27/2013
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MSET: An Early Warning System with Broad Industrial Application

The success of modern industries— especially those that are electricity-intensive—depends on complex engineering systems to ensure safe, productive and efficient operations. System breakdowns can result in millions of dollars in lost time and productivity—and even the loss of life and property. For example, in the utilities industry—where the continuous operation of coolant pumps is essential—the breakdown of a single pump can result in a loss of as much as $10... read more

06/13/2013
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Hybrid Radiator-Cooling System (ANL-IN-11-096)

Coolant radiators in highway trucks are designed to transfer maximum heat at a “design condition.” The current standard design condition is a fully-loaded truck climbing up Baker Grade on the hottest summer day. The coolant system, including radiator, is sized to remove 100% of the required heat from the engine at the design condition without boiling the coolant, which results in a large radiator.  Consequently, the radiator is oversized for most driving conditions. In some... read more

06/13/2013
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Innovative lithium-titanium-oxide anodes improve battery safety and performance (IN-98-069)

Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries have become the battery of choice for everything from cell phones to electric cars, but there is still much room for improvement. Scientists at Argonne National Laboratory are leading efforts to revolutionize battery technology with the design and development of new battery materials for electrolytes, electrodes, and interfaces that will increase the specific energy of advanced batteries, while simultaneously providing enhanced stability at a lower cost. To... read more

06/13/2013
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Advanced Forms of Activated Carbon

Sandia National Laboratories has developed an economical and efficient activated carbon adsorbent for the trapping of noble gases including Argon, Krypton, Xenon and radioactive 85Kr. Unlike currently used adsorbents, this superior material is fire-resistant with spontaneous ignition temperatures (SIT) of up to 860°C and favorable sorption capacity.

06/11/2013
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Chemical Free Water Analysis with Nanoelectrode Arrays

Electrochemical analysis is a highly sensitive, chemically selective method for identifying and quantifying many different chemicals in water.  Previous art required  field samples be transported to a laboratory where additional chemicals would be added before the analysis could be performed.  Sandia National Laboratories has invented an electrochemical analysis method that has eliminated the need to add chemicals to the testing process while increasing the... read more

06/05/2013
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Control of Slag Chemistry for the Reduction of Viscosity and Refractory Corrosion

 

The current invention describes methods to control slag chemistry for both the reduction of slag viscosity and refractory wear in gasification systems. Application of this methodology to control slag chemistry will minimize refractory corrosion caused by carbon feedstocks containing petcoke and allow for the use of non-high chrome oxide refractory materials.

06/03/2013
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Increasing Solar Efficiency through Luminescent Solar Concentrators

For years, scientists have sought to harness energy from the sun, using lenses and mirrors to focus and track sunlight, or photovoltaic cells to absorb and convert sunlight to electricity. Their goal is for solar energy to reach “grid parity”—that is, for its cost to become comparable to that of more traditional sources of energy like coal, oil, natural gas and nuclear power. Thus far, however, converting sunlight into electric power has proved to be prohibitively expensive.

... read more
05/29/2013
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Field Emission Cathode Gating for RF Electron Guns (IN-04-039)

Scientists at Argonne National Laboratory have created an innovative way to enhance the performance of radio frequency (RF) electron guns: a method of gating electron emissions from field-emitter cathodes for these guns that also provides a highly focused electron beam without magnetic fields or a curved cathode surface. The innovations provide a high-brightness, very low emission beam with beam energies from 1 to 5 MeV. The gun also eliminates the need for lasers or hot filaments to produce... read more

05/28/2013
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Computationally Optimized Homogenization Heat Treatment of Metal Alloys

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A computational approach has been developed to improve the homogenization heat treatment of solid substitutional alloys. The method utilizes computational thermodynamics to determine a stepped approach to achieve optimal homogenization of the metal alloy, resulting in improved materials and processing costs. In addition, the approach allows the homogenization process to be ‘tuned’ for the intended use of the alloy. This technology is available for licensing and/or further... read more

05/03/2013
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Organic Flash Cycles for Intermediate and High Temperature Waste Reclamation

Researchers at Berkeley Lab have developed a highly efficient technology for the reclamation of waste heat in mechanical heat engines widely used in solar-thermal, geothermal, and industrial processes. This new approach yields gains in efficiencies for both high temperature and intermediate temperature thermal sources, marking a significant advance over strategies that focus predominately on high temperature efficiency solutions.

04/30/2013
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Linearly Polarized Thermal Emitter for More Efficient Thermophotovoltaic Devices

Ames Laboratory researchers have developed fabrication methods for a polarized thermal emitter than can be used to create more efficient thermophotovoltaic devices for power generation.

04/22/2013
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Superconducting Cuprates on Catalytic Substrates

A previously unidentified metastable phase of a superconductive oxide exhibits high critical current density and irreversible magnetic field. This phase is stabilized by the use of a catalytically active substrate, CeO. The superconductor's performance is relatively insensitive to grain boundary misorientation. This second generation (2G) superconductor has a high critical temperature, high critical current and high irreversible magnetic field. Its performance is less dependent on grain... read more

04/22/2013
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Removing Strongly Adsorbed Surfactants and Capping Agents from Nanostructures

During production, nanostructures are often capped by surfactants or other capping agents to keep them from agglomerating. These moieties often interfere with the properties of the nanostructures, and must be removed before further processing can occur. This technology is directed toward removing even strongly adsorbed surfactants and capping agents from metal, metal alloy, and core-shell nanostructures without damaging the nanostructure surface, facilitating their applications in... read more

04/22/2013
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Millimeter Wave Sensor Technologies Track Biometrics; Detect Chemicals, Gases, and Radiation

Security threats come in many forms—airborne, radiative, gaseous, human, or infiltrative—and it can be costly and impractical to deploy a broad suite of detector technologies to identify all potential hazards in public places. Argonne’s millimeter wave (mmW) sensor technologies measure a wide range of threat materials remotely, making them well suited to many security, industrial and medical applications.

04/15/2013
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Hedgehog™ Water Contaminant Removal System
The in-tank recirculating treatment system reduces the levels of contaminants in water storage tanks. A recirculation pump continually sends water though a treatment in order to reduce the levels of contamination.
04/05/2013
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Small-Scale Reactor for the Production of Medical Isotopes
Currently, there is a severe worldwide shortage of medical isotopes-specifically Molybdenum 99 (Mo-99) which is essential in cancer treatment, diagnostics, and medical imaging.  The US is completely dependent on foreign sources which means we have no domestic or backup supply.  Further contributing to the problem, the current reactors are more than 50 years old which means there is a higher risk for unplanned outages and they are not dedicated to production.  In late 2009, the US... read more
03/19/2013
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Microfabricated Field Calibration Assembly
Reliable determination of the presence and/or quantity of a particular analyte in the field can be greatly enhanced if the analytical instrument is equipped with a time-of-use calibration standard. While proper calibration is necessary for reliability and accuracy, it can be challenging and cumbersome to provide such calibration in the field using conventional methods found in analytical laboratories.
03/19/2013
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Semipermeable Membranes for Micromachined Silicon Surfaces
Sandia National Laboratories has developed semipermeable silicon nitride membranes using an etch process to be co-manufactured on a micromachined silicon surface.
03/19/2013
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X-ray Tube with Magnetic Electron Steering

Sandia National Laboratories has created an improved efficiency compact X-ray source to address a wide range of applications.  The high average power large area X-ray tube provides increased X-ray generation efficiency through the use of magnetic steering to reduce the number of electrons that do not contribute to X-ray production.

03/12/2013
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Single Well Injection Withdrawl Tracer Tests for Proppant Detection
A large question preventing optimal natural gas production from "hydrofracked" shales is how far proppants, injected to keep shale fractures open, move into the gas-bearing shales.  Knowing precisely where injected proppants go in the subsurface is the first step to optimizng the space of hydrofrack jobs. 
03/12/2013
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Startup Design Features for Supercritical Power Conversion Systems
Sandia National Laboratories has created solutions to startup flow issues in supercritical conversion systems.  The Supercritical Brayton Cycle is a power conversion system that is undergoing extensive testing and advancements at Sandia Labs.  The brayton cycle system has the ability to achieve higher efficiency and more cost effect power conversion than current art forms. 
03/12/2013
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Micromachine Artifact
With counterfeit goods and company theft becoming a widespread problem, the importance of protecting valuable product is vital to the security of a company or country.  Sandia National Laboratories has created an anti-counterfeit unique identifying tag and seal that will prevent the possibility of counterfeit or the removal, replacement, or relocation of a product of object.
03/12/2013
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Method for Reducing Background Clutter in a Camera Image
Sandia has developed an eye-safe, robust, lightweight, and low-cost 3D structured lighting sensor for use in broad daylight outdoor applications.  This newly developed sensor overcomes the current limitations of laser-based 3D sensors and can help with threat assessment for first responders, crime scene investigation, and any other scenario which requires accurate 3D mapping.
03/12/2013
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Improved Grooving Tool for Tubing
Sandia has developed an improved grooving tool for Teflon or other plastic tubing.  Grooving tools are used at the end of a tubing section to provide a better seal with compressionn fittings for connections to equipment.  When used with a compression fitting, grooves can significantly increase the pressure rating of the tube to the fitting seal.  Current tools can only be used to make grooves at the ends of tubing, while this new technology can make a groove anywhere along the... read more
03/12/2013
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Fluorescent Optical Position Sensor
Sandia National Laboratories has created a method and apparatus for measuring the position of an object.  It relies on the attenuation of fluorescence light carried inside a fluorescent optical fiber to determine the position of an object. 
03/12/2013
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Fiber-Optic Long-Line Position Sensor
Sandia National Laboratories has developed a side-emitting fiber optic position sensor and method of determining an unknown position of an object by using the sensor.  Non-electrical position sensors like the one developed by Sandia are desirable for use in hazardous environment, e.g., for measuring the liquid level in gasoline or jet fuel tanks.  This sensor is an attractive option because it does not introduce electrical energy, is insensitive to electromagnetic interference,... read more
03/12/2013
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Soil Moisture Sensor
In the agriculture industry, it is critical to know the water content in the soil in order to maintain the viability and profitability of an agriculture business.  With the high cost of water, it is essential to limit the amount of water used to only what is necessary for the health of the plant.  Current technologies provide soil moisture information that is limited to areas near the surface of the soil.  As the demand on water resources increases, there is a need for technology... read more
03/12/2013
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SEAWOLF
SEAWOLF (Sediment Erosion Actuated by Wave Oscillations and Linear Flow) is a method and apparatus for measuring erosion rates of sediments and high shear stresses in wave dominated environments.  Accurate prediction of erosion rates is complicated by a lack of understanding regarding cohesive sediment interactions.  A need exists for an apparatus that can accurately and directly measure the individual contributors to the total erosion rate of sediments from suspended and bedload... read more
03/12/2013
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Autonomous Combustion-Powered Hopping Robot
Sandia’s hopping robotic platform provides a groundbreaking, energy efficient capability. Hopping mobility has been shown to be five times more efficient than hovering when traversing obstacles at heights under 10 meters.
03/12/2013
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Low Waste Method for Production of Radionuclides
Insuring a constant supply of radioisotopes is of great importance to healthcare around the world. With the increase need for a stable US supply of medical isotopes, this technology can help alleviate this problem.
03/12/2013
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Neutron Scatter Camera for Radiaton Detection
Sandia’s neutron scatter camera is an innovative design which combines the benefits of gamma ray imaging with fast neutron imaging. The camera detects special nuclear material (SNM) and rejects backgrounds from naturally occurring radiation sources that can produce false alarms. Additionally, the camera can detect and localize neutrons at greater distances and through shielding since fast neutrons are more penetrating than gamma rays. One of the key advantages is higher signal to... read more
03/12/2013
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Molten Salt Heat Transfer Fluid (HTF)

Sandia has developed a heat transfer fluid (HTF) for use at elevated temperatures that has a lower freezing point than any molten salt mixture available commercially. This allows the HTF to be used in applications in which the expensive parasitic energy costs necessary for freeze protection can be significantly reduced. The higher operating temperature limit significantly increases power cycle efficiency and overall power plan sun-to-net electric efficiency.

03/12/2013
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Deposition of Graded Thermal Barrier Coatings for Gas Turbine Blades
Sandia has developed a method and apparatus for depositing thermal barrier coatings on gas turbine blades and vanes which increase the thermal resistance of the blades and leads to higher efficiency. Higher operating temperatures for gas turbine engines are continuously sought in order to increase their efficiency.
03/12/2013
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Hybrid Wide Range Detector Amplifier
Many applications require detection of both very small and very large signals. High gain detector amplifiers provide low noise but are easily swamped by large signals. Logarithmic amplifiers provide a wide range but contributing to distortion. Auto-ranging circuits lose data when switching between low and high gain. Detecting over a wide range is especially challenging for modern low supply voltage ICs (integrated circuits).
03/12/2013
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Security Risk Assessment Methodologies (RAM) for Critical Infrastructures
In the mid 1970s, the Department of Energy (DOE) designated Sandia as the Lead Laboratory for development of physical security technology and funded Sandia to develop a technical capability in security modeling and systems analysis, security equipment and components, and security systems engineering, integration and implementation.

For more than 30 years, Sandia has applied performance-based methods for designing and evaluating physical protection systems (PPS). This approach has been applied... read more
03/12/2013
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Early Stage R&DImproved Method to Measure Glare and Reflected Solar Irradiance

Sandia has developed a cheap, efficient, and accurate method of measuring the irradiance from solar reflections using a digital camera. Measurements of reflected solar irradiance is of great importance to industry, military, and government agencies to assess potential impacts of glint and glare from growing numbers of solar power installations around the world. In addition, this measurement technique can be used to monitor and maintain system performance for concentrating solar power... read more

03/12/2013
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Red-Emitting Phosphors for Solid-State Lighting
Sandia has developed red-emitting phosphors that will help to transform the cold blue of many current light-emitting diodes (LEDs) into the warm white that is preferred for general lighting. This advance could help move solid-state lighting (SSL) into broader applications and market spaces. This class of rare-earth doped tantalates has unprecedented compositions and structures as well as excellent characteristics for a red-phosphor component for blue or UV excitation. Some compositions and... read more
03/12/2013
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Micro-Pyrolizer for Rapid Bio-Identification
Sandia has developed a micro-fabricated device for identifying different organisms by their unique chemical “fingerprint” based on fatty acid (lipid) content. Applications can include food composition testing (testing the purity of Extra Virgin Olive Oil), microbe analysis (e.g. Anthrax and virulent bacteria), high value/specialty crop verification (designer seeds, bio-fuels), and unknown substance testing.
03/12/2013
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Integrated Boiler, Superheater & Decomposer Bayonet for Hydrogen Production
With the growing pressure placed on energy efficiency and reliance on fossil fuels, alternative sources of energy are increasingly important. The primary function can be used for the production of hydrogen but a similar process can be applied to create ammonia and propane production.
03/12/2013
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Inherently Safe In-Situ Uranium Recovery
As uranium mining continues to grow in the United States, so does the concerns over its environmental impact. An approach that may alleviate some of these problems may be in situ recovery (ISR) of uranium which involves circulating reactive fluids through an underground uranium deposit. These fluids contain chemical agents that dissolve the ore so uranium can be recovered once the fluid is pumped back to the surface. New and more stringent standards of uranium traces in drinking water are... read more
03/12/2013
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Electrical Cable Testing by Pulse-Arrested Spark Discharge (PASD)
Sandia has developed an advanced electrical wiring diagnostic system capable of detecting insulation defects in complex wiring systems. The portable diagnostic system detects and accurately locates hard to find insulation defects as breached insulation, chaffing, and insulation cracks. PASD could greatly reduce the time required to track down wiring defects, as it can typically locate these defects within inches.
03/12/2013
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Energy Surety Microgrid™
The Energy Surety Microgrid™ (ESM) is a Risk Assessment Methodology (RAM) which is a vulnerability assessment for the critical power delivery functions and needs of a community. The microgrid serves as a predecessor to the larger-scale smart grid making it more specific to serve hospitals, military bases, residential communities, emergency response, etc. in utilizing renewable energy sources when traditional sources fail or are inadequate.
03/12/2013
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Method to enhance the concentration of valuable minerals in froth flotation process used in mining
Disclosed in this patent is a method of particle separation from a feed stream comprised of particles of varying hydrophobicity by injecting the feed stream directly into the froth zone of a vertical flotation column in the presence of a counter-current reflux stream. The current invention allows the height of the feed stream injection and the reflux ratio to be varied to optimize the concentrate or tailing stream recoveries desired based on existing operating conditions or other... read more
03/12/2013
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A Novel Antibody Engineering Platform to Improve Antibody Stability

To defend against infection, humans and other animals produce antibodies. Antibodies can also be used to diagnose and treat some diseases and to detect toxins and pathogens. While global demand for antibody therapeutics is growing dramatically, antibodies are relatively fragile, and tend to be unstable outside controlled laboratory conditions. Scientists at Argonne National Laboratory have developed a cost-effective engineering strategy for improving antibody stability.

03/12/2013
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Producing microchannels using graduated diffusion bonding of a stack of precision machined foils or sheets (laminates) to make a micro-channel reactor

This patented invention is a method for producing microchannels using graduated diffusion bonding of a stack of precision machined foils or sheets (laminates) to make a micro-channel reactor. The method is a novel multi-step process for the diffusion bonding of laminates, which is independent of the channel width-to-fin lamina thickness (fin aspect ratio) and allows for laminae to uniformly and effectively bond. Unlike conventional hot-pressing methods, the NETL invention increases... read more
03/12/2013
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Laser Spark Distribution and Ignition System
Disclosed in this patent is NETL’s laser spark distribution and ignition system, which reduces the high-power optical requirements
normally needed for such a system by using optical fibers to deliver low-peak-energy pumping pulses to a laser amplifier or laser
oscillator. Laser spark generators then produce a high-peak-power laser spark from a single low power pulse. The system has applications in natural gas fueled reciprocating engines, turbine combustors, explosives, and laser... read more
03/12/2013
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Hydroxyapatite Barriers for Radionuclide Containment
Apatite, which has been shown to effectively bind and immobilize radionuclides, can also be used to form barriers in water and soil in contaminated environments. The apatite barrier is formed in situ in soil by injection of chelated calcium, phosphate and fluoride solution. In situ formed apatite can be used to sequester actinides, strontium, lead, heavy metals and other compounds that react with apatite.
03/12/2013
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Nanoporous Al2O3 as a “Getter” for Volatile Radionuclides into Nanostructued Glass-Ceramic Waste Forms
The first phase of this project is capture and encapsulation which is achieved by using nanoporous alumina to confine gaseous iodine, for example, from fission or waste processing. The captured iodine is then reacted with silver or copper to form precipitates inside the nanopores of the material (the fixation). The material is then mixed with glass-forming constituents which are then heated to seal and encapsulate the waste forms.
03/12/2013
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Optimized Alumina Coagulants for Water Purification
This innovative technology uses a water treatment coagulant, or reagent, to facilitate the process of water purification. By inserting a single gallium atom in the center of an aluminum oxide cluster, the stability and efficacy of the reagent is greatly improved. This stability also provides a longer shelf life, increased effectiveness in various environments, and outperforms other current commercially available coagulants for water clarification and pathogen removal.
03/12/2013
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Robust RF Switch Yields Enhanced Communication Capabilities (ANL-IN-09-053 and ANL-IN-09-070)

Scientists at Argonne National Laboratory have created a special radio frequency (RF) microelectromechanical system (MEMS) switch based on ultra nanocrystalline diamond (UNCD) as a dielectric that promises a next generation of military and commercial communication systems with enhanced capabilities. Integrated with a CMOS driving device, the switch enables the simultaneous handling of data, voice, audio, and video while supporting many RF systems operating across a broad range of frequency... read more

03/11/2013
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“Smart” Frequency-Sensing Charge Controller for Electric Vehicles

As plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and battery electric vehicles (BEVs) become more popular, they create additional demand for electricity. Their emergence also raises a host of issues regarding how, where and when car batteries should be charged—and the resulting load on the power grid.

Electric utilities strive to avoid large fluctuations in the power supply and to keep the system’s frequency stable at 60 Hz. In this way, they maintain balance in supply and demand and... read more

02/28/2013
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Heat Transfer Fluids Containing Nanoparticles (08-066)

The issue of heat transfer offers fertile ground for scientific exploration across many disciplines. Argonne researchers have discovered the potential of nanofluids as an efficient agent of heat transfer.

02/27/2013
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Electron Linac Offers Safe, Affordable Production Method for Medical Isotopes (IN 10-001, IN 04-039, IN 05-107)

Scientists at Argonne National Laboratory have devised a safe, affordable way to ensure a reliable U.S. supply of selected medical isotopes. The invention has the potential to revitalize the domestic production of critical medical diagnostic materials and make the production process affordable even for small regional hospitals.

The innovative technology combines two Argonne patents, a superconducting cage-like radio-frequency (RF) cavity and a dual electron linear accelerator, or linac, in an... read more

02/26/2013
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High Speed Particle Image Velocimetry

This patent application discloses a novel method to simultaneously track the motion of high numbers of object images under extreme, high concen-tration conditions. Although the software is designed to simultaneously track large numbers of particle images in flow fields, it can track any type of object whose locations are available at consecutive time increments (e.g., consecutive video frames).

01/18/2013
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Regenerable Sorbent Technique for Capturing CO2 Using Immobilized Amine Sorbents

This technology allows for optimal CO2 removal capacity for a given absorption and regeneration reactor size. Management of water loading in this manner allows optimal operation of the regeneration reactor with a significant reduction in energy losses incurred by the desorption of adsorbed water.

01/18/2013
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Method for the Production of Mineral Wool and Iron from Serpentine Ore

This invention discloses a method to fabricate a product that has the potential to replace asbestos, which harbors health and environmental risks, with magnesium silicate-based mineral wools. The mineral wool product yields advantages similar to asbestos while eliminating its inherent detriments.

01/18/2013
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SpinDx™ Lab on a Disk

Currently, when a patient arrives at the hospital or doctor’s office feeling ill, they are first examined by the doctor, sent to a blood lab where vials of blood are taken, and then sent home to wait for results. This approach often means patients must wait days or weeks, to get results. During that waiting period, they are not receiving treatment, which can be a critical factor for cancer, heart attack, or stroke patients. 

Sandia researchers have developed a break-through... read more

01/18/2013
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Microfluidic Polymer Valves
In a technological breakthrough, Sandia researchers have developed polymer microvalves to allow fluids to be shuttled as easily in microfluidic chips as they are on a laboratory benchtop. The valves are photopatterned, cast-to-shape microscale polymer elements that can be used to isolate electric fields, and, as a consequence, locally isolate electroosmotic or electrophoretic flows. The valves can be actuated by applying pressure to move them inside a microfluidic channel in order to open and... read more
01/15/2013
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Early Stage R&DAdditive Manufacturing - Materials by Design
Livermore materials scientists and engineers are designing and building new materials that will open up new spaces on many Ashby material selection charts, such as those for stiffness and density as well as thermal expansion and stiffness. This is being accomplished with unique design algorithms and research into the additive manufacturing techniques of projection microstereolithography, direct ink writing, and electrophoretic deposition.

Additive manufacturing is the process of building... read more
12/14/2012
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Sequential Infiltration Synthesis Advances Lithography (IN-10-017, 10-106)

Lithography is widely used for defining patterns with high spatial resolution. In most applications of this technique, a thin-film polymeric resist material coating the substrate is patterned using light, electrons, or self-assembly. This resist film defines the pattern to be etched into the substrate. For the resist to function properly, the masking portion of the resist must be able to withstand deep plasma etching of the substrate, even though the resist itself must be relatively thin to... read more

12/13/2012
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Tunable Magnetic Regenerator/Refrigerant
Magnetic regenerators utilize the magnetocaloric effect--the ability of a magnetic field to reduce the magnetic part of a solid materials entropy, generating heat, and then removing the magnetic field, permitting the reduction of temperature with the change in entropy. The cyclic heat generation and absorption in adiabatic magnetization and demagnetization. This invention uses a specific mix of rare earth magnetic materials capable of producing both a first and second order phase... read more
12/07/2012
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Regenerator for Magnetic Refrigerants
Ames Laboratory researchers have developed a new magnetic material that can be used at low temperatures (sub liquid hydrogen) for magnetic refrigerators.
12/07/2012
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Cost Effective Production of Giant Magneto-Caloric Materials
The giant magnetocaloric material Gd5(SixGe1-x)4, useful for various types of refrigeration applications, from liquifaction of helium (4K) to room temperature air conditioning and climate control, has just become more cost effective with the development of this new method for utilizing commercially available Gd to produce it.
12/07/2012
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Method for Creating Photonic Band Gap Materials
Innovative microstructures that can direct light in a manner similar to the way semiconductors can influence electrons can be produced by creating what is termed a photonic band gap. These microstructures have the potential to change the way optoelectronic devices, such as photodiodes, LEDs, and integrated optical circuit elements, are designed and used. Ames Laboratory researchers have developed a method for creating photonic band gap materials that is economical and does not require the... read more
12/06/2012
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Fabrication of Emissible Metallic Layer-by-Layer Photonic Crystals Using Microtransfer Molding with Electro-Deposition
Photonic crystals are optical materials that can be used to control and manipulate the flow of light. Ames Laboratory researchers have developed a method for the producing photonic crystals that can be used as highly efficient light sources.
12/06/2012
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Enhanced Light Extraction from Organic Light Emitting Diodes
Ames Laboratory researchers have developed a soft lithography microlens fabrication and array that enables more efficient organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs), improving their commercial viability.
12/06/2012
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Conversion of Cyclic Amines into Lactams for Synthesis of Nylons and Other Polymers
Ames Laboratory researchers have developed a process for the conversion of cyclic amines into lactams, which may have utility for the production of nylons and other industrial polymers.
12/06/2012
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Controlled Metal Photodeposition
A reliable syntheses of semiconductor-metal heterostructure has been developed to enable application of materials in catalytic, magnetic, and opto-electronic devices, and Iowa State University, The Ames Laboratory's Contractor, is looking for industry partners to commercialize this technology.
12/06/2012
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Cesium-131 Production
Cesium-131 production.
10/09/2012
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Transuranic Waste Screener

The TRU waste screener (TRU-WS) is a multifunctional system for the rapid screening of transuranic material for criticality safety or screening for TRU content in open trays or waste containers.

10/09/2012
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Filamentous Carbon Particles for Cleaning Oil Spills

The invention provides methods and apparatus for the creation of carbon filaments used for cleaning oil spills.

Crude oil and other petroleum products can cause severe damage to the environment and wildlife when spilled into the water. Oil is not only transferred by supertanker, but also by underwater pipelines an kept in coastal storage facilities. All of these have the potential to accidentally release crude oil int the ocean and sea. Due to the extreme environmental... read more

10/02/2012
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Early Stage R&DAn Environmentally Safe Detector for Hazardous Gas
ORNL researchers developed a breakthrough design for a hazardous-gas detector
that is environmentally safe and inexpensive and that includes both sensing and
detecting means. The invention can detect and identify volatile organic and inorganic
substances in vapors faster than conventional methods. Improved sensitivity using less
complicated, less expensive measuring devices is another key feature of this invention.
The core of this invention is based on observations that when an ionic liquid is... read more
09/27/2012
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Early Stage R&DMethod of Preparing Hydrous Hafnium, Cerium, or Aluminum Oxide Gels and Spherules
An internal gelatin process for preparing hydrous hafnium, cerium, or aluminum oxide
microspheres was invented at ORNL. The invention is a type of sol-gel process that
solidifies droplets of solution as they enter into a warm environment. The resulting gel
spheres have been proven to be structurally strong.

09/27/2012
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Dissolution Actuated Valve Sampler

Engineers at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) have invented a new device for retrieving liquid samples.  The dissolution actuated valve sampler was developed to obtain pristine samples while operating without the assistance of a mast or messenger device.

09/26/2012
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Human Factors Engineering Analysis Tool

A new software tool enables the easy and quick selection of applicable regulatory guidelines as a starting point for human factors engineering (HFE) analyses.  Once selected, each guideline can be viewed on screen.  The software tracks and reports the status of HFE analyses and may be accessed simultaneously by multiple users.

09/26/2012
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Early Stage R&DStandoff Detection of Chemicals Using Rydberg Fingerprint Spectroscopy and Microwave Rayleigh Scattering
The invention relates to a method for standoff trace chemical sensing. The basis for
the technique is Rydberg Fingerprint Spectroscopy followed by microwave-based
detection.

In Rydberg Fingerprint Spectroscopy, target molecules are first excited to a
Rydberg state (usually 3s) and then pass through higher lying Rydberg states when
probed by two-photon ionization. Transitions between the Rydberg states reveal
a highly resolved and purely electronic spectrum that is extremely characteristic
of the... read more
09/26/2012
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Early Stage R&DNanomechanical Sensor Detects and Identifies Chemical Analytes
ORNL researchers developed a cost-efficient nanomechanical sensor that can
detect chemicals adsorbed to a surface and then quickly analyze and identify
those chemicals. The device is a significant improvement over current detection
technologies, which are not able to perform reliable identification. Rapid
identification of trace amounts of chemicals(e.g., polymers, explosives) is important
for ensuring safety in pharmaceutical, transportation, and other sectors.

09/26/2012
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Early Stage R&DPhotoacoustic Microcantilevers for Spectroscopy
ORNL researchers invented a unique microcantilever design that can identify the
chemical structure of minute sample materials using photoacoustic and photothermal
spectroscopy. The design advances current technology, which cannot identify specific
chemicals, and furthers the detection of vapors, cells, and tissues. The technology can
also characterize biomass, biomaterials, and pharmaceuticals.


09/26/2012
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VZCOMML©, Version 4.0

A researcher at the Savannah River Site has developed an analytical software application to simulate contaminant fate and transport through the vadose zone to groundwater.  VZCOMML© (pronounced Vee-Zee-Com-M-L) is a one-dimensional, three-phase equilibrium, analytical contaminant transport model incorporating mass-balance and time-limit criteria to calculate key fate and transport result output data.  The program automatically uses decision logic to determine the contaminant(s),... read more

09/26/2012
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Early Stage R&DComposite Solid-State Scintillators for Neutron Detection
Using a room temperature process, a new type of transparent, crack-free, monolithic
scintillator has been developed at ORNL. This invention uses thin-film, glass, and
fiber-optic sensors, and is based on the preparation of neutron scintillators with a
room temperature sol-gel process. The result is an inexpensive, versatile system that is
compatible with both inorganic and organic dopants for hybrid material processing.
Typically, solid-state neutron scintillators are prepared by high temperature... read more
09/26/2012
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Directed Spray Mast

Engineers at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) have developed a remotely-operated tank cleaning device for precise, high-pressure spray for use in limited access areas.  The device offers features unavailable in tank cleaning technologies currently on the market, providing for better, faster and cost-effective tank cleaning.

09/26/2012
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Early Stage R&DFluorescent Nanoparticles for Radiation DetectionFluorescent Nanoparticles for Radiation Detection
Researchers at ORNL invented a promising material for more efficient nanoscale
scintillators, or radiation detectors. The new material, which can detect most kinds
of radiation, consists of fluorescent nanoparticles embedded in a transparent matrix.
The invention addresses needs in research, security, and industry for detectors with
improved light output and higher detection efficiency. The technology offers high
count rate capability and better time resolution.


09/26/2012
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Early Stage R&DReal-Time High Resolution Quantitative Imaging by Three Wavelength Digital Holography
An optical system capable of reproducing three-dimensional images was invented at
ORNL. This system can detect height changes of a few nanometers or less and render
clear, single shot images. These types of precise, high speed measurements are important
for a variety of nanoscience applications.

09/26/2012
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Double Coil Condenser Apparatus

A Glass Technologist at the Savannah River National Laboratory has developed a glass condenser apparatus that allows the user to adjust the rate of condensation during testing. The apparatus consists of a fixed condensing coil accompanied by a second, removable coil that fits inside the fixed coil.  Tests have shown increases in condensation rates of up to 24%.

09/26/2012
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Pella Drum Opener
The Pella Drum Opener is a developed and tested tool that facilitates the opening of open-head steel drums and resolves a safety issue with respect to drum handling.
09/26/2012
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NAPL Calculator

An environmental engineer at the Savannah River Site has developed a software application that will determine if non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL) contaminants are present in soil, groundwater, or soil vapor samples.  The software will determine both the quantity and composition of NAPL chemicals in the samples based on the results of sample analysis.  The software also computes important environmental engineering measures such as the residual saturation, mass of the NAPL in the... read more

09/26/2012
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Pneumatic Conveyance Device

The Pneumatic Conveyance Device is capable of dislodging, capturing, and conveying solid material, wet or dry, from a depth of 70+ feet, while discharging through a 100+ foot conveyance hose.  The device was developed to remove water and solid material from the annular space between the tank and line of a buried, double-hulled tank.  The device relies on pneumatic “push” technology rather than the “suction” technology that has been traditionally used in... read more

09/26/2012
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SPR
SPR is an optical phenomenon that enables detection of molecules adhering to a surface.  SPR is often detected as a loss in reflected light intensity at a specific frequency or wavelength of light as the incident light energy is coupled into the surface plasmon wave.  The wavelength dependence of this intensity loss is analyzed and can be used to quantitatively determine the molecular adsorption on the surface of the SPR active material.  Most SPR experiments are performed using... read more
09/26/2012
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Early Stage R&DPhotoacoustic Point Spectroscopy
ORNL researchers invented a detector that uses photoacoustic waves to excite a
vibratory sensor coated with unknown molecules. This invention can be used to
identify these molecules and study solid, gas, or liquid samples.

09/26/2012
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Early Stage R&DMethod for Confidence Metric in Optic Disk Location in Retinal Images
To improve accuracy in diagnosis of retinal disease, ORNL researchers invented a
method for assigning a confidence metric to computer-aided optic disc analysis. The
physical condition of the optic disk determines the presence of various ophthalmic
pathologies, including glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy. Unfortunately, localization
of the optic disk and detection of its boundaries on the retinal image are not easy tasks.
With this invention, the review process can be entirely automated.

09/26/2012
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Early Stage R&DImproved Lithium-Loaded Liquid Scintillators for Neutron Detection
A liquid scintillator with a substantially increased lithium weight was developed by
ORNL researchers. Scintillators are widely used for the detection of neutron radiation
emitted by radioactive sources.

Conventional liquid scintillators are loaded with neutron absorbers. However, these
scintillators generally have lower than optimum light output and pulse shape
discrimination. This invention addresses these limitations with higher lithium loads
that can remain transparent in the liquid composition.... read more
09/26/2012
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IDEAS

This is a comprehensive software program adaptable to any company or corporation conducting an employee suggestion program.  The IDEAS (Individuals Developing Effective Alternative Solutions) program was created to stimulate employee participation in generating as many new IDEAS as possible that could benefit the site and its employees.  The IDEAS software program was developed to manage the numberous suggestions submitted by Savannah River Site employees.

09/26/2012
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Early Stage R&DNanoscopic Electrode Molecular Probes
ORNL researchers invented a nanoscopic electrode system for measuring the
electron transport properties of a molecule. This invention offers a means of
enhancing measurements of a molecule positioned between two nanoscopic
electrodes for study. Currently, molecular sensing and identification is challenged
by uncertainty in conductance measurements.

09/26/2012
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Early Stage R&DReal-Time Airborne Particle Analyzer
Particle analysis is useful for determining chemical compositions in a wide range
of disciplines, from ascertaining the source of a petroleum sample to duplicating a
fragrance. The technique is appealing to a broad cross section of analytical sciences,
but its applications are limited because, for existing equipment, sample size is limited
and the testing is carried out under a high vacuum.

09/26/2012
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Early Stage R&DMicrocantilever Counter Electrode Electrochemical Sensor in a Three-Electrode Cell
Researchers at ORNL have invented a compact, highly accurate system to detect
and measure chemicals in solution. The device can be used to detect ions and other
electroactive species, hostile biological agents, and protein fragments. The device is
a three-electrode cell in which the counter electrode is a microcantilever. The entire
sensor (or an array of sensors) could be fabricated as an integrated circuit on a silicon
substrate.

09/26/2012
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Early Stage R&DUltrasonic-Based Mode-Synthesizing Atomic Force Microscopy
In a single run and without damaging the sample, ORNL’s mode-synthesizing
atomic force microscopy (MSAFM), along with mode-synthesizing sensing, acquires
a variety of information and allows for new sensing modalities. ORNL’s invention uses
nonlinear nanomechanical interactions at ultrasonic frequencies to noninvasively and
nondestructively detect multiple surface and subsurface properties of materials at
the nanoscale.

09/26/2012
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Early Stage R&DStandoff Spectroscopy Using a Conditioned Target Identifies Hazardous Materials at a Distance
A safer method for the standoff (long distance) detection and identification of
molecules on a surface has been invented by researchers at ORNL and the University
of Tennessee. This invention avoids the necessity of close and potentially hazardous
contact. It combines tunable infrared (IR) and ultraviolet (UV) spectroscopy techniques
to target identifying properties of surface residues.

09/26/2012
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Early Stage R&DIn-Vessel Torsional Ultrasonic Wave-Based Level Measurement System
At Three Mile Island in 1979, a partial meltdown of the core was caused by a sudden,
undetected loss of reactor coolant water. In the past, a reactor’s high temperature and
pressure environment has complicated the implementation of level measurement
devices. To effectively measure the level of coolant, ORNL has developed a torsional
wave-based level measurement system. This system can be placed within a high
temperature and pressure environment.

09/26/2012
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Early Stage R&DHand-Held Analyzer Quickly Detects Buried Human Remains
A lightweight hand-held analyzer invented by ORNL researchers uses visual and
auditory cues to quickly alert investigators to the presence of buried human remains.
The Lightweight Analyzer for Buried Remains And Decomposition Odor Recognition
(LABRADOR) is a significant step forward in the field of forensic chemistry for
clandestine grave detection.

Traditional detection using canines and ground-penetrating radar is often slow and
unreliable. LABRADOR improves the ability to distinguish human... read more
09/26/2012
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Flow-Through Electrode Capacitive Desalination

LLNL has developed an innovative technology known as flow-through electrode capacitive desalination (FTE-CD) that promises to unlock an almost inexhaustible water source for U.S. and global population markets. FTE-CD represents a robust and low-maintenance path for efficiently and cost-effectively producing clean drinking water from seawater and brackish water.and poor water quality increase the risks associated with disease and political conflicts, which makes the lack of clean water a... read more

09/25/2012
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Early Stage R&DNovel Instruments Usher in a New Paradigm for Eye Surgery (Cornea NanoPunch and Retina Velcro)
ORNL scientists working in conjunction with the Hamilton Eye Institute at the
University of Tennessee–Memphis invented new methods and devices to reduce
risk in surgical procedures for removing scar tissue and treating damage to the
eye from corneal erosion. Retina Velcro and the Cornea NanoPunch represent
significant microsurgical advancements in the invasive treatment of the eye. Both
inventions can improve patient outcome and minimize the risk of vision loss from
current surgical methods.

09/25/2012
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Early Stage R&DTriply Redundant Integrated Navigation and Asset Visibility System
A quartz time, positioning, and navigation array that solves a fundamental
sensitivity problem is under development by ORNL researchers. Existing systems
with good timing stability are limited by poor motion sensitivities. In contrast, this
invention has stability at a much lower size, weight, and power; better acceleration
and shock tolerance; wider temperature tolerance; and very high reliability.


09/25/2012
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Early Stage R&DRaptor: An Enterprise Knowledge Discovery Engine

Enterprises generate large quantities of information contained in documents, presentations, spreadsheets, and databases. This information is stored across file shares, intranet portals, user desktops, and other business unit applications. Combined with a lack of structured organizational tools, keywords, tags, or other automated retrieval tools, organizations struggle to index, search, and find information across these disparate platforms.

09/25/2012
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Early Stage R&DRadio Channel Simulator
Radio Channel Simulator (RCSim) is a simulation package for making site-specific predictions of radio signal strength. The software computes received power at
discrete grid points as a function of the transmitter location and propagation environment. It is intended for use with wireless network simulation packages and to support wireless network deployments. 
09/25/2012
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Early Stage R&DSlow Waveguide Structures for Particle Accelerators
A waveguide design that can save time and money in the construction and tuning of
a particle accelerator was developed by ORNL researchers. Particle accelerators use
electromagnetic fields to propel charged particles to high speeds within a well-defined
beam. The beam line is used for basic science investigations as well as for applications
in biotechnology and energy. This invention can be used in normal conducting and
superconducting accelerators.

09/25/2012
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Early Stage R&DPulse Thermal Processing of Functional Materials Using a Directed Plasma Arc
Using pulses of high density infrared light from a directed plasma arc, ORNL researchers
invented a method to thermally process thin films and other functional materials on
temperature-sensitive substrates. This approach, pulse thermal processing, could
revolutionize the handling of functional materials because it reduces the necessary
processing time to seconds from what is currently minutes or hours.



09/25/2012
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Early Stage R&DSoftware with Mobile Agents for Peer-to-Peer Information Sharing
Technologies like DARPA’s Tactical Ground Reporting System use information sharing
methods similar to Facebook, MySpace, and Twitter. Unfortunately, all of these
technologies rely on centralized web service that is vulnerable to a single point of
failure. To avoid potential sudden system collapse, researchers at ORNL developed
a Java-based mobile agent information software called Knowledge Acquisition
Ubiquitous Agent Infrastructure (KAUAI).

KAUAI supports information on demand at the site of... read more
09/25/2012
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Early Stage R&DComputational Method for Improved Forewarning of Critical Events
ORNL’s computational method for analyzing nonlinear processes provides improved
forewarning of imminent critical events. This is achieved through phase space
dissimilarity analysis of data from mechanical or electrical devices, biomedical data, or
other physical processes. The need to distinguish between similar, yet distinct, states in
a nonlinear process is essential to many engineering, research, and medical applications.

09/25/2012
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Early Stage R&DDetecting Temporal Precursor Words and Phrases Using a Learning Algorithm and Wavelet Analysis

Most research on mammography focuses on image data, not textual reports. However, the reports associated with patient visits offer a valuable set of observations. To take advantage of these sequential writings, a robust ORNL learning algorithm assembles, searches, and analyzes cue phrases in radiology reports to determine if they define normal or abnormal traits in mammograms over time.

09/25/2012
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Early Stage R&DAgent-Based Software for Gathering and Summarizing Textual and Internet Information
ORNL’s Piranha solves the challenge most users face: finding a way to sift through
large amounts of data that provide accurate and relevant information. This requires
software that can quickly filter, relate, and show documents and relationships. Piranha is
JavaScript search, analysis, storage, and retrieval software for uncertain, vague, or complex
information retrieval from multiple sources such as the Internet. With Piranha, researchers
have pioneered an agent approach to text analysis that... read more
09/25/2012
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ALPES
ALPES is a device that uses electrostatic precipitation to collect and concentrate airborne agents in a liquid sample for onsite or laboratory analysis.  The collection efficiency is 85% to 92% depending on the size of the particles.  The Aerosol-to-Liquid Particle Extraction System (ALPES) is designed to collect chemical agents; radioactive particles; microoganisms such as spores, bacteria, and fungi and molecules and other substances associated with explosives.

Agents that could be... read more
09/25/2012
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RadRope
This lightweight, portable system can rapidly detect the presence of nuclear materials in sealed containers without the use of harmful x-rays.  Using sensors arrayed linearly and encased in fabric, the RadRopeTM system can be dangled in the 2 to 4 inch gap between stacked shipping containers on a cargo ship by a customs inspector.  As the inspector walks along the top containers, a hand-held PDA shows an alarm when any sensor in the array detects radiation levels above background... read more
09/25/2012
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GeoSiphon
Scientists at the Savannah River National Laboratory have developed innovative processes for goundwater remediation.  The GeoSiphonTM offers significant advantages over pump and treat systems, funnel and gate systems, and continuous permeable wall treatment systems.  The GeoSiphonTM Cell is a passive, in situ, groundwater treatment system which uses a siphon between two points of natural head difference to induce greater than natural flow through a permeable treatment media.

GeoSiphonTM... read more
09/25/2012
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BaroBall
Barometric pumping is a remediation technique that removes volatile contaminants from soil in the vadose zone, above the water table.  The BaroBall control valve increases the efficiency of barometric pumping and allows natural soil gas to flow out of an underground well, while restricting air flow from the surface int the well.  air flowing into the well from the surface will dilute and possible spread still present in the subsurface.
09/25/2012
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Groundwater and Wastewater Remediation Using Agricultural Oils

Scientists have developed a groundwater treatment technique that employs agricultural oils to stimulate endogenous microbes which accelerates the cleanup.  The oils tested include canola oil, grapeseed oil, coconut oil, corn oil, cottonseed oil, olive oil, palm oil, palm kernel oil, peanut oil, safflower oil, soybean oil, sunflower oil, beef oil, cod-liver oil, tallow, candelilla oil, carnawba wax, beeswax, and palm tree wax.  The system can be configured as either in situ or ex situ.

09/25/2012
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Early Stage R&DSuperhydrophobic Transparent Glass Thin Films
Glass used in building materials (curtain walls), windshields, goggles, glasses,
optical lenses, and similar applications must be durable and transparent. To meet
this challenge, ORNL researchers have invented a method to produce durable,
superhydrophobic, antireflective glass thin films for coating such surfaces.
Other processes exist for producing materials with the desired qualities,
including superhydrophobic and antimicrobial surfaces; however, in most cases
the resulting materials exhibit poor... read more
09/24/2012
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Superhydrophobic Metal-Oxide Thin Film Coatings
Because of their numerous advantages and applications, considerable efforts have been expended to develop superhydrophobic (water repellant) coatings. However, traditional superhydrophobic coatings are soft in nature, with a Teflon-like surface chemistry that results in reduced adhesion and durability, and hence such coatings are not suitable for robust applications. In addition, the harsh chemical treatment processes used to create many of these coatings (e.g., use of chemical solvent... read more
09/24/2012
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Superhydrophobic Thin Film Coatings
Exploiting its expertise with thin films and superhydrophobic materials, ORNL has developed a simple, inexpensive way to apply and reliably bond superhydrophobic powder to various substrates, creating coatings that are both transparent and water repellant.

09/24/2012
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Early Stage R&DPlant Pathogen Resistance
Crop plants are infected by numerous fungal and bacterial pathogens that reduce crop quality and yield. Common methods for addessing this problem include time consuming processes such as genetic engeneering, and possibly enviromentally risky processes, such as treatment of plants via synthetic anti?pathogen compounds.


09/24/2012
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Early Stage R&DAutomated Surface Sampling Probe for Mass Spectrometry
Dr. Gary Van Berkel and colleagues have developed a liquid microjunction surface sampling probe (LMJ?SSP). The LMJ?SSP provides mass spectrometry with a simple and efficient ambient surface sampling method that can be coupled with any liquid introduction ionization source.


09/24/2012
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Giga-Dalton Mass Spectrometry
Current techniques to study large bio?molecules using mass spectrometer require fragmentation for the mass?to?charge ratios to be within the working range of the mass spectrometer. Analysis of the data is complex and often requires simulation supported by fragmentation libraries. Furthermore, the working range of the mass spectrometer is limited to the Kilo?Dalton range and offered by high end expensive instruments. These are major limiting factors in the applications of mass spectrometry for... read more
09/24/2012
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Early Stage R&DNovel Phase-Coherent Programmable Clock

Direct digital synthesis (DDS) technology permits the generation of high frequency-resolved waveforms that can be changed on the nanosecond time scale (4 ns minimum). However when the DDS switches frequency, it occurs at any point in the phase accumulation consequently the output waveform during frequency stepping may be quite different. This randomness of frequency transition is called "DDS frequency transition jitter".

09/24/2012
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Early Stage R&DRisk-Based Sensor Placement Methodology
Current methods for sensor placement are based on qualitative approaches ranging from “best guess” to expensive, customized studies.




09/22/2012
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Early Stage R&DCytometric Therapies for Cell Delivery
Stem cell therapies are a viable treatment options for some human diseases. Efficacy of such therapies can be maximized by addressing critical issues such as cell delivery and cell survival post delivery. Conventional methods for cell delivery do not determine the viability of the transplanted cell. For example, an estimated 5?10% of cells transplanted into the central nervous system survive post?transplantation, leaving only a small portion of the originally grafted cells to contribute in... read more
09/22/2012
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Early Stage R&DCarbon NanoFiber Systems for Tissue Interfacing
Scientists at ORNL have created vertically aligned carbon nano?fibers (VACNF) that are well suited for cell and tissue interfacing applications, such as electrophysiological stimulus and recording, and drug and gene delivery. VACNFs are produced in an uniform manner that allows for structural controls over the location, length, diameter, conicity, and surface composition.
Preliminary data with nanoelectrode arrays show effective tissue stimulation due to improved contact with tissue and higher... read more
09/21/2012
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Early Stage R&DOptimization of Industrial Enzymes
Enzymes are highly efficient naturally occurring catalysts that are used in a wide range of applications from industrial processes to new drug development. Conventional mechanism for understanding the mechanisms of enzyme functions are costly and time consuming. Moreover, many applications do not increase the activity energy to be applied to enzymes with slow reaction rates.


09/21/2012
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Haptic Seat for Fuel Ecomony

Today’s vehicles provide feedback to the driver on a wide variety of vehicle or driver characteristics.  Some of the information provided includes: speed, temperatures, tire pressure, radio, GPS, cell phone controls, trip monitors, and fuel consumption.  The majority of the current systems are visual providing data on an already crowded instrument cluster.  In order to realize the benefits of this information, the driver has to consciously take their eyes off the road to... read more

09/10/2012
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Railcar Switchman Platform
Engineers at the Savannah River Site have devised a new railcar switchman platform for enhanced safety of railroad personnel.  The switchman platform is designed to attach to the railcar ladder providing a stable platform from which the switchman can perform their duties.
09/10/2012
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Welding – Friction Stir

Friction welding that uses a contact rotating tool creates frictional heating of an adjacent work piece. The process employs a mixer where the two pieces touch, an area called the plastic zone, to avoid the undesirable joining (e.g. alloying) of the two work pieces.

09/04/2012
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Cermet Filters
INL’s cermet filter is self-cleaning and reduces pollutant emissions, e.g. NOx in vehicles, which can be harmful in heavier duty diesel trucks. This filter lasts far longer compared to other filters because it is self-cleaning, which avoids plugging.
09/04/2012
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Soil Separator and Sampler and Method of Sampling

INL has developed a method for sampling soil to determine the presence of extremely fine particles such as asbestos.

09/04/2012
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Nano Materials – Permeable Reactive Barrier
Scientists at Idaho National Laboratory have developed improved nano-composite materials composed of an organic polymer constituent, an inorganic constituent, and a metal ion sequestration constituent. These nano-composite materials offer a number of improvements in permeable reactive barriers (PRBs) technology.
09/04/2012
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Robotics – Intelligence Kernel

This is a guidance system that utilizes GPS and an autonomous control system incorporated into the operating system of industrial and agricultural equipment. Current systems provide an operator with assisted navigation via a satellite position signal. This enables operators to maintain a straight line when driving equipment, thus minimizing “skip” and “overlap.” While this is beneficial, many current systems do not relieve the operator from driving tasks. Current... read more

09/04/2012
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Supercritical Slashing Fibers

The INL designed a system that allows for continuous processing of various non equi-dimensional substrates. By using a processing chamber that allows a substrate to pass through, the substrate is exposed to a treatment mixture which consists of a modifying agent combined with a supercritical fluid. On either end of the device are seals which are configured to allow the substrate to pass into and out of the apparatus.

09/04/2012
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Plasma-Quench

INL has developed a thermal plasma quench to cool the heat generated from rapid chemical reactions, preventing adverse reactions or decompositions to undesirable products.

09/04/2012
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Energetic Material – Explosives

INL has invented a process for creating energetic materials, including trinitrotoluene (TNT).  By using a carbon dioxide environment, which reduces the amount of acid generated from the nitration reaction (orthonitrotoluene, ONT and dinitrotoluene, DNT). The process uses a surfactant, a nitrating agent, and a source of organic material to be nitrated. 

08/31/2012
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Energetic Material – Electro Nitration
INL has developed an improved method of nitrating a nitro compound by oxidizing a chemical mediator in the presence of a voltage in order to produce an oxidizing agent. Then, the agent reacts with a nitro compound and ion source in a solution in order to form a geminaldinitro compound. The electrochemical synthesis of geminaldinitro results in the formation of a nitro compound that may be used in explosives and other defense and industrial applications.
08/31/2012
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Laser Catalyst
INL’s Laser Catalyst is a method for removing contaminant matter from a porous material. A polymer material is applied to a contaminated surface and then irradiated to cause redistribution of the contaminant matter. The final step is removal of a portion of the polymer material from the surface.
08/31/2012
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Percussion Tool

INL has invented a new technology for use in an electric percussion hammer drill, which includes a reciprocal moveable hammer that drives a tool bit delivering both reciprocal movement and rotatable movement. The hammer drill deliver exceptional hammer velocity and increased hammer blow frequency with reduced weight.

08/31/2012
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Analytical Spectroscopy

The use of lasers has become increasingly widespread, especially for manufacturing products and material analysis. Recently, laser desorption (LD) techniques for mass spectrometry have attracted attention because it produces intact molecular ions, avoids surface charging issues, and allows tuning of laser irradiation to accommodate various sample types. LD microprobe mass spectrometers use scanning techniques that rely on manipulation of a sample target.

08/31/2012
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Nanoporous Membranes for Pretreatment of Lignocellulose and Other Applications
Researchers at ORNL have developed an inorganic membrane element and a flowthrough recycle (FTR) process for pretreating lignocellulosic biomass to produce a high-quality ethanol feedstock more amenable to hydrolysis and fermentation than other pretreatment methods. The ORNL process minimizes carbohydrate and lignin degradation while providing a clean sugar stream for further processing.

Producing ethanol from inedible plant matter such as wood and agricultural or forest residues is an... read more
08/21/2012
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Pulsed Ionization Source for Ion Mobility Spectrometers
ORNL’s new wave of detection devices based on ion mobility spectrometry offer enhanced sensitivity and resolution and increased safety and flexibility. Leading
the way is a miniature ion mobility spectrometer (IMS) that uses a pulsed corona ionization source. This detector has demonstrated both high sensitivity and high resolution without the drawbacks of other systems.

Ion mobility spectrometry is an important method for detecting drugs, explosives, volatile organic compounds, and chemical... read more
08/21/2012
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Advanced Chlorophyll Fluorometer
To advance miniaturization of the AquaSentinel environmental monitoring technology, ORNL and the University of Tennessee researchers developed a microfluidics-based pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) chlorophyll fluorometer—the first of its kind.

Fluorometers have a wide range of applications in the life sciences, including medical, chemical, biological, and environmental, and have proven especially helpful in the analysis of organic compounds. Miniaturization broadens their appeal and... read more
08/21/2012
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Early Stage R&DAdvanced Credentialing for Trusted Networks
During and following disasters, rapid, valid systems are needed to exchange information—among emergency responders, with others in the community, and with the outside world. ORNL researchers have developed a Web 2.0 credentialing system that offers greater assurance of the validity of information on social networks and media and the potential to thus improve and enhance the unimpeded flow of vetted information and resources during and following a disaster to assist impacted areas and... read more
08/21/2012
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Early Stage R&DProduction of Materials with Superior Properties Utilizing High Magnetic Field
Processing materials in a magnetic field is an innovative and revolutionary means to change materials and structural properties by tailoring the microstructure. Properties, equivalent or beyond, can be achieved with significantly less energy than materials treated by conventional thermal methods. New properties can also be created by manipulation of phase stability through the application of a high magnetic field.

Researchers at ORNL have developed various novel methods which offer improvements... read more
08/20/2012
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SmartLatch
A "smart" door lock for industrial and consumer applications has been developed by researchers at Savannah River Nuclear Solution's Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL).  This technology uses existing state-of-the-art neural network technology to acoustically monitor lock performance and in particular the latching event.
08/20/2012
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Orangutank
The Orangutanktm is a remote controlled, tethered robotic platform for traveling from one pipe to another using a network of vertical pipes for support. 
08/15/2012
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Plasma Screen Floating Mount
Engineers at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) have invented a new mounting system for flat panel video technology.  The plasma screen floating mount is a mounting system proven to eliminate vibration and dampen shock for mobile uses of plasma screens, thereby eliminating interference to the picture on the screen or damage to costly equipment.
08/15/2012
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Energy Saving System to Remove Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) from Indoor Air
Scientists at Berkeley Lab have developed a catalyst and deployment devices to improve indoor air quality and reduce ventilation energy needs.
07/17/2012
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Superhydrophilic Nanostructure for Antifogging Glass
Samuel Mao and a team of scientists at Berkeley Lab have created superhydrophilic nanostructures that can be used as a stable antifogging agent when applied to glass. The Berkeley Lab invention does not require UV irradiation and is nontoxic.
07/17/2012
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Material-Independent Design of Photoluminescent Systems
Nanomaterials have attracted much attention recently because of their unique functionality. Researchers at ORNL have discovered a method to make nonluminescent nanostructured materials luminescent (photoluminescent and/or electroluminescent), independent of the starting material. This material-independent approach enables conversion of many different types of nanomaterials for optoelectronic applications such as light-emitting displays, solar panels, optoelectronic sensing and imaging... read more
07/17/2012
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Synthesis Method for Stable Colloids of "Naked" Metal Nanocrystals
Researchers at ORNL have developed a unique membrane-assisted thermal electrochemical synthesis (TECS) process for making colloidally stable aqueous solutions of small (<10 nm) metallic nanocrystals that are "clean," stable, and uniform in size. The nanocrystals produced by the TECS process represent a unique class of colloids that could be used in a variety of applications, including coatings, catalysts, and sensor devices.

Metallic nanocrystals have generated considerable interest because... read more
07/11/2012
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Metabolic Prosthesis for Treating Ischemic Diseases
ORNL researchers have developed a new approach for treating ischemic diseases that will deliver oxygen directly to affected tissues by electrolysis of body fluids. Numerous treatments currently exist or have been proposed for treating ischemic tissues, but most are invasive, involve chemicals, and/or have undesirable side effects. The ORNL metabolic prosthesis addresses most of these concerns.
07/11/2012
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Enhanced Detection of Toxic Agents
Researchers at ORNL and the University of Tennessee have taken the next step in the development of their AquaSentinel water quality monitoring system by improving the sensitivity of the process using a new electrokinetic enrichment technique.
07/11/2012
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New Methods in Motion Tracking to Generate Motion-Corrected Tomographic Images
High quality three-dimensional images from conventional MRI, CT, PET, or SPECT scans require that the subject being imaged remain stationary during the scan. Any motion during the scan significantly reduces the quality of the resulting images. Although sedation and physical restraint can be used to impede live subject motion, both methods have the potential to alter the neurological and physiological processes under analysis. This invention corrects for any motion during a scan, improving the... read more
07/11/2012
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Bioluminescent Bioreporter Integrated Circuits
To address the need for fieldable real-time biological recognition systems, ORNL researchers developed a "laboratory on a chip" using genetically engineered whole cell biosensors attached to integrated circuits (ICs). These bioluminescent bioreporters can be deployed to assist with environmental detection and analysis during natural and human disasters.
07/11/2012
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Coating Surfaces with Superhydrophobic Powder
Researchers at ORNL have developed a method of modifying existing coating techniques to include a bonded superhydrophobic outer coating layer. Superhydrophobic powder will not readily bond to most substrates directly, since superhydrophobic powder is almost entirely made up of fluorinated particles of silica glass, which is chemically inert to most materials. In a standard electrostatic powder spraying process, dry resin powder is sprayed on to a given substrate. The powder adheres to the... read more
07/11/2012
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Citizen Engagement for Energy Efficient Communities (CoNNECT)
Promoting energy efficiency is a primary focus for achieving sustainable energy. There have been many programs that target the use of energy efficient technologies. But to increase the likelihood of achieving desired energy savings, citizens need to go beyond one-time improvements that are often not monitored and measured over time. By allowing consumers to easily analyze and share their own energy usage data, an effective and sustainable way of achieving energy efficiency goals can emerge.
07/11/2012
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Superoleophilic Particles and Coatings
Researchers at ORNL have developed a superoleophilic coating that pins a layer of oil to a specially coated substrate and particularly to the surface of the coating. The pinning action keeps the oil from leeching out of the coating, even when the coating is submerged in water or subjected to very wet conditions. This enables the oil to persist on the surface of the coating without significantly reducing the coated surface’s coefficient of friction.
07/11/2012
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Brainwaves as a Biometric Parameter for Unique Identification and Authentication
A number of biometric parameters exist for positive identification of individuals including, fingerprints, facial recognition, ear pattern, eye iris and retina, written signature, voice, and facial thermogram. The objectives of personal identification are primarily to deter identity deception and to accelerate recognition of trusted personnel. The use of current methods for positive identification is impacted by a number of factors including universality, uniqueness, permanence, collectability,... read more
07/09/2012
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Secure Identification of Textiles and Other Consumer Products

Researchers at ORNL have developed an invisible marking system for textiles and similar products that could save governments and businesses millions in lost revenues and legal fees. In addition to information required by law, useful tracking and inventory information can be embedded in the tags, as well as valuable consumer information on content and point of origin of materials.

Each year unethical units in the enterprise supply chain falsify operational data and business information to avoid... read more

07/09/2012
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Combustion Analysis Software Package for Internal Combustion Engines

Researchers at the Colorado State University Engines and Energy Conversion Laboratory have developed a complete software package for use with National Instruments’ Labview software. The package can be used with National Instruments hardware to measure conditions inside an engine cylinder. The program can measure and compute pressure, combustion mass, heat released, and other properties in real time.

06/29/2012
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Binder Formulations Utilizing Furanic Components
This technology describes the use of furanic components derived from agricultural waste streams, such as hydroxylmethylfurfural (HMF).  When used in combination with a phenolic urethane resin and cured with a gaseous amine catalyst, the resulting composite shapes are instantaneously cured and can be used for various applications. A primary use of these binders is in preparing foundry molds for the casting of various metal parts.
06/21/2012
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Furanic Modified Amine-based Curatives
Aromatic diamines are currently used as curatives in an array of applications such as polyurea and epoxies. When used as curatives, aromatic diamines have relatively short pot lives (gel times) due to their high reactivity, especially in reactions with polyisocyanates and epoxides. In order to increase their pot lives and provide more even filling of complex molds, Battelle has developed a process for decreasing the reactivity of aromatic diamines by partial amidification with... read more
06/21/2012
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Bio-based Deicing/Anti-Icing Fluids
This invention relates in general to compositions to remove ice, snow and/or frost ("frozen precipitation") from surfaces and/or to prevent ice from forming on surfaces, and in particular to deicing/anti-icing fluids.
06/21/2012
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Protein Stabilized Latex Polymer Emulsions, Methods of Making, and Adhesives Containing Such Emulsions
The invention relates to the stabilization of latex polymer emulsions with soy proteins, and to adhesives formed from the protein-stabilized latex emulsions.
06/21/2012
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Structural Composites with Enhanced Moduli of Elasticity

The invention provides a low cost structural composite alternative for use in typical structural lumber/wood applications in building construction, marine, transportation applications, and the like.

06/21/2012
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Preparation of Propylene Glycol Fatty Acid Ester or Other Glycol, or Polyol Fatty Acid Esters

This technology provides an alternate method to synthesize a key type of PVC plasticizer described in US 6,797,753 (see separate description entitled “Plasticizers Derived from Vegetable Oils”).  This approach uses esters of fatty acids as feed materials and more specifically uses methyl esters of vegetable oils that are referred to as “biodiesel” fuels.  One particularly useful biodiesel is soybean oil biodiesel (methyl soyate) that is projected to be a high... read more

06/11/2012
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Ceramic-zeolite Composite Membranes and Use for Separation of Vapor-gas Mixtures
Having both high selectivity and high permeability, the zeolite membranes have great potential for highly selective separation of vapor/gas and gas/gas mixtures and for catalytic membrane reactor applications. However, it is very difficult to prepare the membranes with pore diameter smaller than 1 nm, to meet the needs for highly selective separation of gases.

A research team at the University of Colorado at Boulder led by Richard Noble had devloped a method of creating membranes with a uniform... read more
06/01/2012
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Microbial Capacitive Desalination Cell

A research team led by Dr. Jason Ren of the University of Colorado has developed novel microbial capacitive desalination cell (MCDC) technology for sustainable desalination, renewable energy production, and wastewater treatment solution.

06/01/2012
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Lightweight Superconducting Cables for use with High-Field Magnets and Military Applications
The development of YBCO coated conductors has resulted in high critical current densities, but have been limited by the upper critical field of the superconductor. Achieving higher fields would require the use of high-temperature super conductors, but would require a novel form of cabling to achieve.

A research team at the University of Colorado at Boulder led by Daniel van der Laan has developed a novel method of stranding YBCO coated conductors to make cables for use in low ac-loss and... read more
05/23/2012
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Cold Sterilization of Plastic Containers

The sterilization of plastic containers for beverage, food and pharmaceutical products is a significant cost to the associated industries.  Currently, plastic containers are sterilized using heat, which necessitates the use of polymers that can withstand the high temperature without degrading or deforming.  These heat resistant polymers have a cost of up to 1.7 times that of comparable lower temperature products.  As such, any improvements in the sterilization process will have a... read more

05/17/2012
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Blast Effects Suppression System

The HydroSuppressor system was developed to protect critical facilities from the devastating effects of blast from a vehicle bomb.  HydroSuppressor uses high volume water sprays to absorb the energy of the blast as it occurs and is meant to be activated when a suspected threat has been identified.  

05/10/2012
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Linear Thermite Charge

The Linear Thermite Charge (LTC) is designed to rapidly cut through concrete and steel structural components by using extremely high temperature thermite reactions jetted through a linear nozzle. 

05/08/2012
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Talon Heavy Hoist and Safety Latch
Engineers at the Savannah River Site (SRS) have devised a new design for a latching hoist hook with remote unlatching capabilities.  The TalonTM hoist hook and safety latch is designed for lifting heavy loads as well as locking the load in place with virtually no chance of slippage or disengagement of the load until the cargo has been placed in position and is released remotely by the crane operator.
04/27/2012
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Grid-Interactive Electric Vehicle DC-Link Photovoltaic Charging System

The transportation sector currently accounts for 70% of petroleum consumption and more than a third of green house gas emissions in the US. Studies have shown that  major reductions in GHG emissions can be accomplished by transitioning to battery powered automobiles. However, the large battery systems required could be problematic due to high cost in combination with limited specific energy, safety issues, as well as limited cycle and calendar life. 

A DC-to-DC converter takes a direct... read more

03/28/2012
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“Green” Replacement for Industrial Applications of Polar Organic Solvents

Polar organic solvents are commonly used in cleaning, reactions, and processing in many industries. Today these solvents are known to be volatile, hazardous to health, toxic in the environment, and flammable, with no comparable alternatives. These toxic attributes make polar organic  solvents very hard to work with, and the harmful effects of these volatile compounds require that expensive procedures, equipment and environmental, health, and safety controls be in place at all times to... read more

03/20/2012
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Binary Cultivation in Photobioreactors
Scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have developed a new approach to converting solar energy, water, and CO2 into small molecule precursors, fatty acids, lipids, proteins, and other value-added products. The approach uses binary cultivation—inside photobioreactors—to facilitate growth by creating a closed system in which the metabolic by-products of one organism are used to fuel the metabolism in the other.
02/08/2012
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Molecule Nanoweaver Improves Drug Delivery and Treatment Efficacy

The ability to tailor medical patches and capsules at the molecular level offers a game-changing approach to medical treatment and drug delivery. With each molecule positioned for optimal effectiveness, patches and capsules can be improved and customized for a variety of purposes.

02/07/2012
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Advanced Carbon Aerogels for Energy Applications

Nanomaterials that are emerging out of cutting edge nanotechnology research are a key component for an energy revolution. Carbon-based nanomaterials are ushering in the “new carbon age” with carbon nanotubes, nanoporous carbons, and graphene nanosheets that will prove necessary to provide sustainable energy applications that lessen our dependence on fossil fuels.

Carbon aerogels (CAs) are nanoporous carbons that comprise a particularly significant class of carbon... read more

02/06/2012
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High-Voltage Insulators and Components

One of the ongoing challenges to improving performance in capacitors and other high-voltage electrical structures is to identify and reduce the factors that cause failure.  High-voltage devices typically fail following excessive partial discharge activity, which is a localized dielectric breakdown that does not transcend the main electrode gap spacing. One type of failure is anticipated to start at a triple junction, the point at which an electrode and two different dielectric materials... read more

02/06/2012
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Semi-Autonomous Multi-Use Robot System and Method of Operation
This invention relates in general to robotic systems and in particular to a semi- autonomous multi-use robot system and a method for cost effective operation of the system within an enclosed space
01/12/2012
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Fluid Submersible Sensing Device

The present invention relates to a fluid submersible sensing device and, more particularly, to such a device having sensing structure provided within a fluid-tight housing and an external structure located outside of the fluid-tight housing including a passage through which a fluid sample flows.

01/12/2012
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Energy-Efficient and Reduced-Effluent Process for Ultraclean Surface Drying

Marangoni drying is used in semiconductor processing and  other industries to produce a dry, ultraclean surface on flat substrates.  In the conventional Marangoni drying step, e.g., for semiconductor wafer fab, an alcohol or other volatile organic compound (VOC) vapor is blown through a nozzle over the wet wafer surface or at the meniscus formed between the cleaning liquid and wafer as the wafer is lifted from an immersion bath.  The Marangoni effect causes a surface-tension... read more

01/07/2012
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Detecting and Analyzing Multiple Moving Objects in a Crowd
While human eyes can unconsciously perceive independent objects in coherent motion patterns such as crowds, automated systems have difficulty detecting and counting independently moving objects. A robust algorithm that works with a video recording apparatus to detect, count, and analyze regions of activity in crowds was developed by computer scientists at ORNL. The algorithm selects regions of coherent motion in both time and space, and then identifies sets of tracks that may contain objects of... read more
10/27/2011
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Low-cost, Rapid DNA Sequencing Technique
A faster, less expensive, more accurate and more reliable method for DNA sequencing has been developed at ORNL. The method takes a high-frequency measurement on a single strand of DNA or RNA deposited on a substrate using an alternating current (AC). The data is used as a criterion to identify the genetic sequence.
10/27/2011
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Search Method for Real-time Knowledge Discovery Modeled on the Human Brain
A new computational search method developed by an ORNL researcher detects patterns in digital data by adapting unique information processing properties of the human brain to computational knowledge discovery. The ORNL method follows a new paradigm, the neocortex of the human brain, which has superior speed and insight in processing text, images, audio, and sensory data simultaneously for real-time situational understanding. The technology can be used in situations as diverse as inferring... read more
10/27/2011
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Coordinated Garbage Collection for RAID Array of Solid State Disks
An ORNL invention that replaces existing magnetic disks with solid state disks, which have no mechanical moving parts, can more efficiently store, move, or clear unwanted data. The invention uses Global Garbage Collection (GGC) technology to enhance both storage and retrieval performance in future solid state disk-based computer systems. The new technology functions on both servers and mass consumer computers.
10/27/2011
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Intrinsic Feature-Based Pose Measurement for Medical Imaging Motion Compensation
Tomographic imaging of awake, unrestrained animals or humans during a scan can result in blurring and unusable 3D images due to movement by the subject. This invention measures and tracks the motion of an awake subject during a medical imaging scan using only the natural appearance of that subject.
10/27/2011
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Method for Preparing Nanoporous Cell-Scaled Reaction Vessels
Researchers at ORNL developed a method to engineer and fabricate nanoscale reaction vessels that mimic biological cells. The picoliter-size reaction vessls have nanoscale pores that allow molecules to enter and exit based on their size, much as molecules do in living cells. This method can eventually be used to contain and create more complex networks. The invention holds great promise for industry and research, where synthetic biologists can match the scale of biological systems and create... read more
10/27/2011
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Prevention and Treatment of Fouled Medical Device Surfaces
To prevent infection due to contamination on medical devices inserted into the body, ORNL researchers developed a method to inhibit bacteria growth and formation of biofilm. The technology could be applied to catheters, drug delivery devices, shunts, and long-term implants such as joint replacements. Because all of these devices have a tendency to become contaminated by bacteria or other microbial species, this invention is relevant for enhancing a wide range of medical treatments.
10/27/2011
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Universal Gene Transfer Technology for Gram Positive Bacteria
A genetic engineering technology invented at ORNL facilitates DNA delivery to a cell by using ultrasound to permeate the cell’s plasma membrane. DNA delivery using this technology is simple, quick, inexpensive, and offers a universal method for gene transfer.
10/27/2011
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Neutron Detection Using an Embedded Sol-Gel Neutron Absorber
ORNL researchers invented a method for neutron detection that can play an important role in international safeguards and U.S. security. The technology, based on sol-gel chemistry, uses metallic oxides embedded in a glass film that fission when bombarded with neutrons, producing a signature event in the film. Using ultraviolet light, fission products of the metallic oxides and electron emissions can be quickly detected.
10/27/2011
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New Vapor-Particle Separator Improves Understanding of Aircraft Engine Combustion and Particulate Emissions

A new apparatus has been developed by ORNL researchers to efficiently separate volatile particles from condensible vapors in aircraft engine emissions. The technology enables high-precision emissions research, generating insightful data that helps improve the scientific understanding of the combustion process of modern jet engines and the formation process of secondary particulate matter in the atmosphere.

10/27/2011
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System to Continuously Produce Carbon Fiber via Microwave-Assisted Plasma Processing
Using a microwave-assisted plasma (MAP) system developed at ORNL, carbon fibers with specific mechanical properties can be produced on a continuous or semi-continuous basis more efficiently and less expensively than conventional methods. This invention can contribute towards widespread use of carbon fiberbased composites by the consumer industry as an alternative to lower-strength, heavier conventional structure materials such as steel.
10/25/2011
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Integrated Used Nuclear Fuel Storage, Transportation, and Disposal Canister System

Researchers at ORNL have developed an integrated system that reduces the total life-cycle cost of used fuel storage while improving overall safety. This multicanister approach provides superior assembly and burnup/damaged fuel capacity. The invention also reduces the need for future repackaging of fuel for transit or storage.

10/25/2011
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Robust Low-Frequency Spread-Spectrum Navigation System
The Triply Redundant Integrated Navigation and Asset Visibility System (TRI•NAV) developed by researchers at ORNL expands the ability of GPS navigation systems to reliably function under a variety of adverse conditions, as well as detect multipath, jamming, or spoofing-induced errors. TRI•NAV synergistically combines the use of GPS with a ground-based radio-frequency (RF) scheme known as TPS (the Theater Position System) and a low cost, mid-level performance inertial navigation system... read more
10/25/2011
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Real Power Regulation for the Utility Power Grid via Responsive Loads
A new methodology for dynamically managing an electrical system was invented by researchers at ORNL. Balancing power generation with load demand is critical to ensuring a stable and reliable power supply. This invention provides a new solution to power regulation that can eliminate operational inefficiencies and potentially save the utility industry significant energy generation costs each year.
10/25/2011
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Ionic Liquids as New Solvents for Improved Separation of Medical Isotopes
A series of ionic liquids (ILs) have recently been applied as new solvents for potentially effective separation of different medical isotopes at ORNL. The uniqueness of these ILs includes excellent separation factors using neat ILs without any dissolved extractant ligand.
10/25/2011
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Composition and Method for Rapid and Equimolar CO2 Capture
The emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) from burning of fossil fuels has received worldwide attention because of its implication in climate change, which threatens economies and environments. Accordingly, new materials that can efficiently, reversibly, and economically capture CO2 must be developed. Currently, the goal is to design and prepare sorbent materials with high capacities and rapid absorption rate for CO2 capture.
10/25/2011
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Hierarchically Ordered Porous Carbon Films for Commercial Water Desalination
Porous carbon films that can be optimized and assembled as electrodes in a device to desalinate water have been successfully produced at ORNL. The new porous carbon has a controlled, well-ordered hierarchy of pore sizes that readily adsorbs materials in industrial desalination processes. Unlike existing films, these carbon films can readily be produced in a batch-to-batch, repeatable, and uniform way on a commercial scale.
10/25/2011
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Screening Tool for Providers of Double-Stranded DNA
The invention screens purchase orders submitted to DNA synthesis companies.
10/25/2011
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Acoustic Enhancement of Photodetecting Devices
ORNL inventors developed a method that enhances the photodetecting ability of devices used in many applications, from television remotes, to standoff detectors for suspect materials, to advanced weapons guidance. Using a high Q acoustic resonator, the invention increases the sensitivity of the detectors by an order of magnitude—producing a dramatic improvement in detection levels. The invention provides a very economic way of enhancing the sensitivity of detectors that would otherwise be... read more
10/18/2011
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Lithiated Glass Scintillating-Particle Neutron Detector
A unique neutron detector developed at ORNL features a matrix material that uses scintillating particles, suspended in glass, to detect neutron radiation. The technology enables a wide variety of non-neutron scintillators to be used for neutron detection, with properties tooled for the specific type of detection required. This detector holds significant potential in future security monitoring, medical technology, and scientific research applications.
10/18/2011
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Trapping and Measuring Charged Particles in Liquids
A nanoscale version of the Paul ion trap was developed by researchers at ORNL to trap and filter single atomic and molecular ions in liquid environments. Nanoscale control of matter offers an unprecedented means of examining and manipulating biological molecules, ions, polymers, and reactions. Genome sequencing especially benefits from the nanoscale approach.
10/18/2011
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Method and Compositions for Treatment of Subsurface Contaminants
This invention describes compositions and methods for oxidizing subsurface contaminants. Compositions include compatible combinations of surfactants, cosolvents and chemical oxidants.
10/06/2011
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Reactive and Catalytic Air Purification Materials
Sorbents for the removal of toxic in-dustrial gases such as ammonia and phosgene. The materials offer reactive and/or catalytic sites within a high surface area, hierarchical pore structure.
10/06/2011
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Fiber-Optic Environmental Radiation Dosimeter

All-optical, fiber-optic-coupled remote radiation sensor using NRL’s luminescent, copper-doped quartz material.  The key to the technology is the doped quartz material that produces a luminescence signal that is directly proportional to the radiation dose. Individual sensors have an estimated cost of $50 and a lifespan of decades. The sensor is less than 7 mm in diameter by 10 cm in length and is fiber-optic-coupled to a photodetec-tor that is remotely located away from the... read more

10/06/2011
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Bacterial Production of Mixed Metal Oxide Nanoparticles
Researchers at ORNL have developed a method for producing mixed metal oxide nanoparticles using anaerobic bacteria with an electron donor to reduce a metal oxide composition from a higher to a lower oxidation state. This method may be applied to cultures of a variety of metal-reducing bacteria to reduce the toxicity of dopant species to bacteria. In addition, the method provides a means by which bacteria with specifically tailored electron acceptors could facilitate research in bacterial... read more
10/04/2011
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Solid State eBurner for Supplying Power to Laptops, Cellphones
Researchers at ORNL invented a device that converts energy from thermoelectric materials to power for cell phones, laptops, and other portable electric devices. This unique means of producing power is more powerful, lighter, and smaller than existing technologies. Because the only byproducts from this invention are carbon dioxide and water vapor, a substantial reduction in environmental impact from conventional battery disposal is possible with wide-spread use of this device.
10/04/2011
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Optical Backscatter Probe for Sensing Particulate Matter
To provide emissions information for automotive engines, ORNL researchers developed a technology that enables very rapid measurement of particulate matter in gas emissions. This fiber optic-based probe can be used in engine locations that are typically inaccessible to existing measurement tools. The automotive industry values particulate information to support long-term objectives to reduce emissions, while auto technicians rely on these measurements to diagnose engine problems.
10/04/2011
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Decorative Steel Composition with a Crystalline Surface
A method for producing a new decorative steel with a crystalline surface was developed by an ORNL researcher. This invention potentially represents the first new decorative steel to be introduced since the development of Damascus steel around 1100 AD. In this invention, the type of decorative steel formed can be controlled by using crystals with different crystallographic orientations and by influencing the crystal growth process. The invention is suitable for a variety of applications where an... read more
10/04/2011
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Apparatus and Method for Oxidation and Stabilization of Polymeric Materials
Researchers at ORNL have developed a faster and more cost-effective method of oxidizing and stabilizing thermoplastic materials than is currently used in conventional carbon fiber production. This invention increases the rate of oxygen diffusion and chemical cross-linking of the polyacrylonitrile (PAN) precursor or other polymeric materials.

The production of carbon fibers from polymeric materials is a multi-step manufacturing process. Conventional oxidation or stabilization is the most time-... read more
10/04/2011
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End-to-End Supply Chain Tracking
ORNL researchers have developed a method for tracking sensitive or hazardous materials through a supply chain across loosely coupled networks. This system enables tracking from manufacturing, distribution, and warehousing to transportation. As international trade and off-shore sourcing continues to transform the global supply chain, it is increasingly critical to be able to track assets across local, regional and international systems.

There are current systems which offer asset visibility but... read more
10/04/2011
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Redox Flow Batteries for Grid-scale Energy Storage
Though considered a promising large-scale energy storage device, the real-world deployment of redox flow batteries has been limited by their inability to work well in a wide range of temperatures and their relatively high cost. Historically, the state-of-the-art has been an all-vanadium redox flow battery using a sulfate-based electrolyte.

Researchers at PNNL have developed two novel approaches to redox flow batteries that overcome these barriers and offer superior performance and cost... read more
10/03/2011
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Reactive Air Aluminizing
Reactive Air Aluminizing is a process for applying a protective coating on steel components in solid oxide fuel cells and other high temperature electrochemical devices. This innovative process results in a continuous aluminum oxide coating that reduces chromium volatility and mitigates chemical interaction between glass seals and steel components during exposures at extremely high temperatures (up to 800° Celsius in lab tests).
10/03/2011
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Resin Wafer Electrodeionization Technology Reduces the Cost of Clean Energy, Chemicals, and Industrial Process Water

Argonne National Laboratory has developed a resin wafer electrodeionization technology for processing biomass-based feedstocks into biofuels and chemicals. The new technology reduces the cost of producing clean energy and of the chemicals and process water used in industry.

09/16/2011
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Carbon Dioxide Capture at a Reduced Cost

Scientists at Berkeley Lab have developed a method that reduces the expense of capturing carbon dioxide generated by the combustion of fossil fuels. This technology would allow power plants and the chemical and cement industries to better sequester carbon dioxide and reduce the associated expenses passed on to consumers. The method uses novel promoters that kinetically favor the reactions for CO2 absorption and solvent regeneration.


09/15/2011
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Modulated Tool-Path (MTP) Chip Breaking System

The MTP chip breaking system is a cost-saving solution for machining operations that create continuous chips. These chips can damage the workpiece or machine tool, pose hazards to the machine operator, complicate cleanup of the work space, and cause operation delays. The MTP chip breaking system creates a significantly safer operating environment and can reduce cleanup, repair and replacement costs.

09/12/2011
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Infrared Debonding

Infrared (IR) Debonding is a dry, nondestructive method of using heat to separate components joined by adhesives. The method has many permutations, lending itself in separating a myriad of different materials bonded by a wide variety of substances. The technology involves the use of a portable IR apparatus within which debonding is accomplished.

09/12/2011
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Tropexx – Blending System
The Tropexx Blending System is a high-resolution blending system that works with gases, vapors and volatile (readily vaporizable) liquids in addition to moisture.

Tropexx can be used to check instrument calibration by substantiating, within parts per million, the accuracy of instrument readings. It also is a high-precision laboratory tool for blending gases and vapors for application in corrosion and material evaluation studies.
09/12/2011
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Extrans – Permeation Measurement System
The Extrans Permeation Measurement System is a customizable system for testing the behavior and uniformity of polymers and other materials. The system can be used to determine permeation rates using variable temperatures, total pressures, differential pressures, and mechanical deformations as well as adjustable concentration levels for gases and liquids. Extrans supports permeation testing from liquid-to-gas or from gas-to-gas phases.
09/12/2011
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ARCS – Access Rate Control System
The Access Rate Control System (ARCS) system is a fully mechanical, ready-to-install kit that controls the speed of a person’s entry through full-height turnstiles. The faster the entry speed, the more resistance is generated by ARCS on the rotor to slow the operator.

At a preset normal entry speed, the operator can pass through with minimal rotor force, and ARCS freewheels on exit. All internal components are furnished in a weather-protected steel housing. This low-cost kit can be... read more
09/12/2011
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Omni Jaw 5 Powered Protrusion Cutter

Y-12 invites interested companies to license its patented Powered Protrusion Cutter (PPC), originally designed for the Department of Energy as a portable asbestos cyanide-dipped bolt cutter. The PPC cuts and traps the bolt head to eliminate environmental and safety hazards.

The PPC is a high-powered hydraulic tool that generates up to 5 tons of force on the cutting jaw. An electric trigger placed ergonomically on the handle actuates it. The longer the momentary trigger is held open, the higher... read more

09/12/2011
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Carbon Nanotube Field Emission Devices

Novel field emission sources using carbon nanotubes have been developed by Berkeley Lab researchers Alex Zettl and Marvin Cohen. The Berkeley Lab technology overcomes problems currently associated with field emission devices (FEDs).

08/22/2011
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Acrylic Acid from 3-Hydroxypropionic Acid

3-hydroxypropionic acid is readily converted to acrylic acid by conversion to the acid salt followed by treatment with a solid oxide dehydration catalyst such as titania or alumina.

08/15/2011
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Two-Phase Liquid Dielectric

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have developed a two-phase liquid dielectric composite with synergistic properties that boost the benefits of each separate form. Fluid dielectrics are versatile compounds that assist or govern numerous industrial processes such as  precision cooling, high-voltage capacitance, and the electrical protection of high-voltage switchgear.   Liquid dielectrics suppress or instantly quench corona discharge and arcing without forming... read more

07/27/2011
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Hybrid Microwave Energy
A team of scientists from the Savannah River National Laboratory and the University of Florida has successfully applied microwave technology to a variety of waste management applications.  As a result of this collaboration, unique equipment and processes have been developed using hybrid microwave energy for the destruction of electronic circuitry and an assortment of waste streams, immobilization of hazardous constituents, and reclamation of valuable metals.

Each year many products... read more
07/20/2011
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MicroCED
Decades of widespread use and inappropriate disposal of chlorinated ethenes (CE) have resulted in pervasive environmental contamination at thousands of sites in the U. S. and abroad.  These compounds are potent toxicants to humans and extremely persistent in the environment.  Cost effective, reliable, and safe remediation technologies are needed to prevent, contain, and remove chloroethene contamination in the environment.  MicroCED was specifically designed as an efficient and... read more
07/20/2011
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In-Situ Production of Microbial Pigments for Metal and Actinide Immobilization

Scientists at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) have developed a unique in-situ method of immobilizing metal and radionuclide contaminants in soil.  The In-Situ Production of Microbial Pigments for Metal and Actinide Immobilization has been shown to dramatically reduce the mobility of contaminants in the soil over the the long term without the need for excavation.

07/20/2011
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Early Stage R&DSuppression of Tin Whiskers in Lead-Free Solder

Scientists at the Savannah River National Laboratory have identified a treatment method that slows or prevents the formation of whiskers in lead-free solder.  The current stage of research has shown initial time studies in comparison to a base-line that whisker formation is minimized or almost nonexistent (some hillocks are noted).


07/14/2011
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Solid-state neutron detector offers high sensitivity with reduced cost

Neutron detectors are vital in the national security effort to detect special nuclear material at the hundreds of U.S. ports of entry. Special nuclear material emits neutrons which rarely occur spontaneously, therefore detection can be correlated to the existence of special nuclear matter found in plutonium and plutonium based weapons. Currently, the most common type of neutron detector uses pressurized tubes containing rare Helium-3 gas. This 60 year old instrumentation is bulky, costly, and... read more

06/27/2011
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Catalytic Self-Decontaminating Materials
Self-decontaminating structures based on porphyrin-embedded, target imprinted, porous, organosilicate sorbents. The materials rapidly sequester targets as a result of the affinity of the sorbent structures. Catalysis proceeds upon stimulation of the porphyrin moieties through illumination or by an applied current. 
06/17/2011
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Binding Organic Liquids

Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have developed a reusable organic liquid that can pull harmful gases such as carbon dioxide or sulfur dioxide out of industrial emissions from power plants. The process could directly replace current methods and allow power plants to capture double the amount of harmful gases in a way that uses no water, less energy, and saves money.

06/06/2011
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RAPID-CURE COATINGS SYSTEM
The Naval Research Laboratory has developed a durable, rapid cure coatings system that is designed for harsh environments. Developed for the maritime industry, it is suit-able for the interior & exterior of shipboard structures and tanks as well as other appli-cations where performance counts.
06/01/2011
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Inexpensive, Environmentally Friendly and Highly Permeable Lignin-Based Ion Exchangers

For more than 10 years, a partnership between Kazakh and US researchers has led to the synthesis and testing of highly permeable ion-exchangers. These materials possess an increased availability and concentration of active binding groups, and can efficiently extract a wide spectrum of organic and inorganic compounds, pathogenic and toxic substances from water solutions, soils and biological substrata.

Currently considered a waste product of the paper manufacturing industry, lignin... read more

05/05/2011
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Carbon Ion Pump for Carbon Dioxide Removal

The limitation to reducing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is the expense of stripping carbon dioxide from other combustion gases. Without a cost-effective means of accomplishing this, hydrocarbon resources cannot be used freely. A few power plants currently remove carbon dioxide from flue gas for sale as an industrial product. Oil companies commonly remove carbon dioxide from natural gas to improve its energy content. In both cases, the most common technology is a temperature-swing... read more

05/05/2011
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Titania Nanorods with Nanocavities

Titania with nanocavities offers improved blocking of light in the ultraviolet range of the electro¬magnetic spectrum. It transmits about 25 percent less light than do traditional bulk titanium dioxide or titanium dioxide nanoparticles. Theoretically, by controlling the size of the nanocavities the transmission of the titania with nanocavities can be four times less than titanium dioxide or titanium dioxide nanoparticles.

04/29/2011
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Plasticizers Derived from Vegetable Oils
This technology addresses the known health issues of commonly used petroleum-based plasticizers used in polyvinyl chloride (PVC), a high volume thermoplastic material (one that is moldable and formed by heating) by providing a biobased and renewable PVC plasticizer with no known adverse health effects.  These PVC plasticizers are derived from soybean oil, but also can be obtained from other vegetable oils.
04/27/2011
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Metal-Air Battery
This technology features cathodes for use in open electrochemical cells and devices comprising the cathodes and open electrochemical cells.
04/27/2011
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Bio-based Deicing/Anti-Icing Fluids
This technology is for preparing lower-toxicity, less corrosive, and typically bio-based deicing/anti-icing fluids for aerospace and non-aerospace applications.
04/27/2011
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Cellulosic Fiber Composites Using Protein Hydrolysates and Methods of Making Same
This technology relates to cellulosic fiber composites using protein hydrolysates.
04/27/2011
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Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposites, Methods of Making Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposites, and Devices Comprising the Nanocomposites
This technology describes methods to fabricate supercapacitors using aligned carbon nanotubes that are decorated with metal oxide or nitride nanoparticles.
04/27/2011
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Universal Fluid Droplet Ejector
Stanford researchers have developed a patented, economical fluid droplet ejector that is capable of varying the vertical and horizontal inter-droplet spacing of a two-dimensional droplet array in real time. This universal design is compatible for a wide variety of fluids because it can be manufactured with a material and process that enables the device to be both chemically inert and biologically sterile. It also utilizes a micro-machined aperture and thermally fused components for easy of... read more
04/27/2011
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Nanodevices for Spintronics and Methods of Using Same
 Graphene magnet multilayers (GMMs) are employed to facilitate development of spintronic devices.  Spintronics is a field in which the spin of charge carriers is used in addition to their electrical charge to create small and energy efficient electronic devices.  Current spintronic devices include magnetic field sensing devices used in hard drives and magnetic random access memory (MRAM), based on the properties of magnetic multilayers.
04/22/2011
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Assembly of Ordered Carbon Shells on Semiconducting Nanomaterials

Semiconducting nanowires rarely develop a protective coating in situ, leaving the surface vulnerable to defects and contaminants. By encapsulating them in the growth chamber with a stable compound, not only is the surface protected from environmental contaminants, but deleterious surface electronic states are minimized.

04/22/2011
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Assembly of Ordered Carbon Shells on Semiconducting Nanomaterials

Semiconducting nanowires rarely develop a protective coating in situ, leaving the surface vulnerable to defects and contaminants. By encapsulating them in the growth chamber with a stable compound, not only is the surface protected from environmental contaminants, but deleterious surface electronic states are minimized.

04/22/2011
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Epitaxial Graphene

Graphene has very interesting properties due to its electronic structure. For example, its thermal and electrical conductivities are extremely high and it is one of the strongest materials known. Making single layers of it, however, is challenging. This method of fabrication yields large area (square micrometer) regions of single-layer graphene produced on ruthenium surfaces. The monolayer graphene also conforms to patterns in a substrate.

04/13/2011
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Zeptoliter Pipette

A zeptoliter is a volume of 1000 cubic nanometers, or that of a cube 10 nm on a side. Structures of this size may display size-dependent properties. They are interesting for their properties and as objects of scientific study. Until now there was no way to reliably dispense such volumes. The zeptoliter pipette can be used to dispense nanodroplets for use as seeds for bottom-up assembly of nanostructures, or for study of the properties of fluids.

04/13/2011
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Recyclable Catalysts for Hydrogenation and Hydrosilylation

Homogeneous catalysts are usually more selective than heterogeneous catalysts, but they are often difficult to recycle. This organometallic complex containing molybdenum or tungsten and not containing a precious metal can be used to catalyze the hydrogenation and/or hydrosilylation of an organic compound. At the end of the reaction, the molybdenum or tungsten precipitates and can be recovered. Mild process conditions can be used to generate the catalyst, in line with the objectives of... read more

04/13/2011
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Catalysts for Hydrogenation and Hydrosilylation

Homogeneous catalysts are usually more selective than heterogeneous catalysts, but they are often difficult to recycle. This organometallic complex containing molybdenum or tungsten and not containing a precious metal can be used to catalyze the hydrogenation and/or hydrosilylation of an organic compound. At the end of the reaction, the molybdenum or tungsten precipitates and can be recovered. Mild process conditions can be used to generate the catalyst, in line with the objectives of... read more

04/13/2011
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Method and device for electroextraction of heavy metals from technological solutions and wastewater

Heavy metal contamination is a serious issue both in wastewater and in industrial solutions. By passing a solution contaminated with low to medium concentrations of heavy metals through an electroreactor and applying pulsed three-phase current to its electrode stacks, the heavy metal contaminants are separated for removal. The method is particularly useful for removal of chromium-VI.

04/08/2011
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BioRenewable Chemicals and Solvents
As a spin-off of NREL’s long history of renewable energy research, alternatives to chemicals and solvents have been developed from renewable feedstocks. Traditionally, household and industrial chemicals and solvents are made from the limited petroleum sources. These chemicals and solvents play a major role in many areas of technology and in turn represent a large portion of volatile organic compounds released into the air. By using renewable sources in the production of these chemicals... read more
04/06/2011
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A Nanoparticle-based Coagulation Method for Cost-effective Microalgae Harvesting
In this invention we report a method to harvest microalgae that is both cost-effective and efficient.
04/06/2011
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Methods of Managing Water in Oil Shale Development
This invention is a system and method of providing water management and utilization during the process of dewatering and retorting of oil shale. More specifically, the process described relates to co-producing potable and non-potable water, for various uses, during the extraction of petroleum from shale oil deposits.
04/06/2011
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A Piezoelectric Sensor Based Smart-Die Structure for Predicting the Onset of Failure During Die Casting Operations
This invention provides a method for embedding a failure predicting mechanism within the working surface of die casting dies for molten metals.
04/06/2011
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All-Optically Prepared and Controlled Nematic Liquid Crystal Light Valve
This device acts as an optical switch that controls the intensity of a light beam through the action of a second control beam.  This behavior is achieved through photo-induced anisotropy that develops in a monomolecular layer coating the inside surfaces of a liquid crystal cell.
04/06/2011
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Method for FractMethod for Fracture Detection Using Multicomponent Seismic Dataure Detection Using Multicomponent Seismic Data
This invention provides a method for detecting fractures in the subsurface of the earth’s crust by using seismic shear waves. 
04/06/2011
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Nanofluids for Heat Transfer

Argonne National Laboratory is developing water and ethylene glycol/water-based dispersions of nanoparticles for use as the heat transfer fluid (HTF) in liquid cooling systems. The addition of nanoparticles increases the thermal conductivity of liquids, enabling more efficient heat transfer in liquid cooling systems. 

04/05/2011
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Novel Membrane Technology for Green Ethylene Production

Ethylene is currently produced by pyrolysis of ethane in the presence of steam. This reaction requires substantial energy input, and the equilibrium conversion is thermodynamically limited. The reaction also produces significant amounts of greenhouse gases (CO and CO2) because of the direct contact between carbon and steam. Argonne has demonstrated a new way to make ethylene via ethane dehydrogenation using a dense hydrogen transport membrane (HTM) to drive the unfavorable equilibrium... read more

04/05/2011
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“Upcycling”: A Green Solution to the Problem of Plastic

Plastics products—such as grocery bags, packaging foam, plates, and cups—are lightweight, strong, and inexpensive to produce. However, because these products are not biodegradable, they collect in landfills, litter the environment, and present a long-term environmental problem. Through a new process developed by an Argonne scientist Vilas Pol, a wide range of waste plastics can be converted into a fine black carbon powder or carbon nanotubes. This carbon-based substance has numerous... read more

04/05/2011
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A Process for the Conversion of Cyclic Amines Into Lactams
Ames Laboratory researchers have developed a process for the conversion of cyclic amines into lactams, which may have utility for the production of nylons and other industrial polymers.
04/04/2011
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Early Stage R&DSkin-Like Prosthetic Polymer Surfaces
Artificial limbs help to restore normal function to amputees. Surface materials for prostheses need to look realistic, hold up to exposure, and mimic skin. ORNL scientists combined superhydrophobic polymer inventions with carbon nanotubes to create a self-cleaning skin-like surface material with the ability to transmit heat. This material provides an improved external covering for mechanical prosthetics.
03/29/2011
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Superhydrophobic Coatings
ORNL researchers have developed a variety of materials and processes to produce coatings with superhydrophobic properties (i.e. coatings that repel water extremely efficiently), providing  potential benefits ranging from reduced drag and increased fuel efficiency in maritime vessels, avoidance of ice accumulation on airplane wings, increased capacity in pipes and hoses, and improved performance of medical implants.
03/29/2011
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Dual-Color Auto-Calibration Scanning-Angle Evanescent Field Microscope
Ames Laboratory researchers have developed a new microscope that can be used for live cell imaging as well as for examining single molecule dynamics.  Total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy (TIRFM) is a mode of fluorescence microscopy that has been widely used for live-cell imaging at the interface between a biological sample and a cover slip or tissue culture well.  TIRFM is based on the induction of an evanescent wave in the liquid adjacent to the interface, which is... read more
03/28/2011
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Rapid Cooling Using Ice Slurries for Industrial and Medical Applications
Under funding from DOE in the late 1980s and early 1990s, Argonne researchers developed ice slurry technology for industrial and municipal applications—specifically, to replace chilled-water cooling systems in building complexes. Because of the high energy content of ice slurry, its cooling capacity is many times greater than that of single-phase fluids. Ice slurry coolants in HVAC systems can therefore provide more efficient cooling, with substantially lower operational and equipment... read more
03/25/2011
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Ceramic Membranes for Hydrogen/Oxygen Production
In the long term, hydrogen is expected to be the fuel of choice for both the power and transportation industries. Just as conventional cars need gas stations, hydrogen-powered fuel cell cars will need an infrastructure. Hydrogen separation technology is integral to successful fossil-based hydrogen production technologies. Thin, dense composite membranes fabricated from ceramic and hydrogen-transport metal may provide a simple, efficient means for separating hydrogen from fossil-based gas... read more
03/25/2011
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Diesel DeNOx Catalyst
The United States consumed about 50 billion gallons of diesel fuel in 2006. Because diesel engines are more fuel-efficient than gasoline engines, the use of diesel fuel is expected to continue to expand. With increased diesel use and the EPA’s new, stringent regulations on smog-causing pollutants, Argonne’s new catalyst is a timely breakthrough. The diesel DeNOx catalyst removes 80–85% of nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions from diesel fuel combustion by converting NOx to nitrogen,... read more
03/25/2011
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BioTiger
Scientists at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) have discovered a new environmental biocatalyst for improving the recovery of hydrocarbons entrained in sediments utilizing a patented consortium of microbes known as BioTigerTM.  BioTigerTM comprises unique and balanced strains of natural bacteria that are especially suited to the task of destroying or otherwise mitigating polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and heavy metals.  It was used in the first-ever biological field... read more
03/16/2011
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KIVA--Hydrodynamics Model for Chemically Reacting Flow with Spray
Fuel economy is heavily dependent upon engine efficiency, which in turn depends to a large degree on how fuel is burned within the cylinders of the engine. Higher in-cylinder pressures and temperatures lead to increased fuel economy, but they also create more difficulty in controlling the combustion process. Poorly controlled and incomplete combustion can cause higher levels of emissions and lower engine efficiencies.
02/09/2011
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Enhanced Pool-Boiling Heat Transfer Using Nanostructured Surfaces
Many devices, appliances, and systems -- such as advanced power electronics with high-power computer chips, high-power lasers and radars, and HVAC systems -- require cooling to keep them running for the long-haul and to reduce maintenance and system failures. Researchers at PNNL and Oregon State University (OSU) have developed a method using nanostructured surfaces to efficiently dissipate heat in such applications at the proper temperature.
02/09/2011
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Platinum-Loading Reduction in PEM Fuel Cells
Platinum, a costly precious metal element, is commonly used in fuel cells to facilitate the split of the hydrogen atom, which enables the membrane within a PEM (proton exchange membrane) fuel cell to generate a charge, and thus generate clean, direct current electricity. In PEM fuel cells, hydrogen at the anode generates electron and protons. The protons migrate through the proton-conducting membrane, and react with reduced oxygen at cathode to create water. Meanwhile, electrons move from anode... read more
02/08/2011
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Lithium Air Electrodes
With the surge in demand for electric vehicles, automotive suppliers and manufacturers are in a race to find cutting edge technologies that deliver more powerful batteries in smaller packages and lower cost – a challenge that researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have undertaken and remain committed to solving.
02/08/2011
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Piezotube Borehole Seismic Source for Continuous Crosswell Monitoring
Tom Daley and colleagues at Berkeley Lab have invented a seismic source that can be operated while fluid is being injected or withdrawn from an aquifer or oil well. The piezotube seismic source offers several advantages that will result in more efficient oil reservoir monitoring and management. It enables the continuous monitoring of well behavior, delivering data indicating trends that might be missed by time-lapse imagery, and it eliminates the need to stop production and remove and... read more
01/25/2011
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Accurate Identification, Imaging and Monitoring of Fluid-Saturated Underground Reservoirs
Use of seismic low frequencies has strong potential for prognoses of fluid content and mapping of productive highly permeable zones of reservoirs. The low-frequency effects are especially important when no noticeable fluid signature is found in the high-frequency domain of seismic reflections from the oil-saturated reservoirs. Frequency-dependent seismic imaging allows the characterization of the subsurface fluid reservoirs in situations where other approaches fail.

To date, the low... read more
01/25/2011
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Tube-wave Seismic Imaging and Monitoring Method for Oil Reservoirs and Aquifers
Valeri Korneev at Berkeley National Lab has developed a low cost method for real-time seismic monitoring of underground fluid reservoirs based on tube-wave analysis. The method is capable of providing an automated daily update of the changes between wells, informed by data that includes readings from reservoirs at drilling depths.
01/25/2011
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Novel Tube-in-Tube System Simplifies Subsurface Fluid Sampling
Barry Freifeld of Berkeley Lab has developed a device that simplifies subsurface fluid sampling. The technology’s tube-within-a-tube construction is a substantial improvement to the U-tube sampling system widely used for borehole sampling today. Using only one line, instead of two, the tube-in-tube system enables the sampling device to get lowered easily through a pressure control device (such as a grease head or pack-off) for discrete level sampling of live oil and gas wells.... read more
01/21/2011
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Thermoelectric Ambient Energy Harvester
A novel thermoelectric generator (TEG) design by PNNL allows the conversion of ambient thermal energy into electric power for a variety of low-power uses. These miniature TEGs are able to power wireless sensors and their associated radio frequency transmitters used in a wide range of remote monitoring applications including building energy management, automotive component controls, agricultural monitoring, security surveillance, and wildlife management.
01/14/2011
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Genetically Engineered Ethanol Producing Microorganisms
Researchers at PNNL have developed a process concept for the use of microorganisms in the production of fuels, chemicals and other products.
01/05/2011
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Water Outlet Control Mechanism for Fuel Cell System Operation in Variable Gravity Environments
Innovators at NASA’s Johnson Space Center (JSC) have patented a self-regulated water separator that provides centrifugal separation of fuel cell product water from oxidant gas. The innovation uses the flow energy of the fuel cell’s two-phase water and oxidant flow stream, rather than actively controlled electric motors, to augment separation efficiency.
01/04/2011
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Advanced Actuators and Transducers: Hybrid actuator systems recover environment energy to power devices
Actuators and transducers are deployed to harvest mechanical energy in the environment as electrical energy and to convert stored electrical energy into mechanical energy. By developing a transducer based on advanced electroactive materials, NASA has produced a design that can harvest orders of magnitude more energy in a given application than traditional solutions, yielding more power to drive devices and store in batteries. In a complementary effort, a hybrid actuator system (HYBAS) with both... read more
01/04/2011
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Deep Sea Hybrid Power Systems for Deep Sea Oil & Gas Recovery
An investment in sub-sea (deep-ocean) hybrid power systems is required to enable off-shore oil and gas exploration and harvesting. Advanced deep-ocean drilling operations, locally powered, will provide access to oil and gas reserves otherwise inaccessible. Such technology will therefore enhance the energy security of the United States. The oil and gas industry is being pushed beneath the surface by economic concerns. According to The Economist (September 8th – 14th 2007), there is a... read more
12/30/2010
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Structures with Negative Refractive Index for Applications in Optics and Nanophotonics
Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory researchers have developed materials and structures with a negative refractive index that potentially open new frontiers in optics applications.
12/28/2010
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Iron Catalysis in Oxidations by Ozone
Ozone is used commercially for treatment of potable and non-potable water, and as an industrial oxidant. ISU and Ames Laboratory researchers have developed a method for using iron in ozone oxidation that significantly improves the speed of oxidation reactions.
12/28/2010
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High Strength Gold Wire for Microelectronics Miniaturization
ISU and Ames Laboratory researchers have developed a high strength gold wire for use in microelectronics that can maintain its electrical and mechanical properties while permitting miniaturization of microelectronics design.
12/28/2010
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Mechanochemical Preparation of Phosphonium Salts and Phosphorus Ylides
Researchers at Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory have developed a unique, solvent-free mechanochemical preparation method to prepare phosphonium salts and phosphorous ylides. The phosphorous ylides are then utilized in carrying out the solvent-free synthesis of desired organic compounds employing the Wittig-Horner reaction.
12/16/2010
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Low Temperature Joining of Ceramic Composites
This invention provides a process for creating a toughened SiC filler and bonding material for joining continuous fiber ceramic composites (either similar or different in composition) at relatively low joining temperatures.
12/16/2010
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An Inexpensive Brazable Material for Magnetostrictive Sensors and Other Applications Based on Ferrite Materials
This invention is a method for making a low cost magnetostrictive material which has utility for a variety of applications, including sensors, transducers and actuators.
12/16/2010
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Highly Directional Antenna for Improved Communications
Researchers at Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory have developed a highly tunable, high directivity microwave antenna with utility for military and mobile communications.
12/16/2010
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Synthesis of High Surface Area Foams for Functional and Structural Applications
A substantially higher surface area is very desirable in porous metallic bulk materials for functional applications such as catalysts, hydrogen storage or high-sensitivity sensors. Traditionally, high surface area functional materials are prepared as powders. The development of this new process made it possible to fabricate them into a useable monolithic structure with high levels of connected, exposed surface areas.
12/16/2010
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Production of Giant magnetocaloric Substances Using Commercially Available Raw Materials
The giant magnetocaloric material Gd5(SixGe1-x)4, useful for various types of refrigeration applications, from liquifaction of helium (4K) to room temperature air conditioning and climate control, has just become more cost effective with the development of this new method for utilizing commercially available Gd to produce it.
12/16/2010
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Regenerator for Magnetic Refrigerants
Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory researchers have developed a new magnetic material that can be used at low temperatures (sub liquid hydrogen) for magnetic refrigerators. Magnetic refrigeration is being investigated as an alternative to conventional gas compressor technology for cooling and heating because of its potential to save energy and reduce operating costs. The potential utility of magnetic refrigerants has been demonstrated using gadolinium palladium (GdPd) alloys. However,... read more
12/16/2010
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Synthesis of Superconducting MgB2 Wire, Tapes and Films
An innovative process for the fabrication of superconducting MgB2 (magnesium diboride) wire suitable for magnets or electrical power transmission. In addition, the same process can be used to create MgB2 tapes or films for use as cavities, filters and electronic devices.
12/16/2010
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OLED Deposition Technology
Low-cost processing methods will be required if the small organic molecule materials currently under development for use in organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) and other electronics are ever to realize widespread commercial application.
12/15/2010
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Toughened Graphite Electrode for High Heat Electric Arc Furnaces
A tougher and more resilient graphite electrode was developed at ORNL to melt steel, titanium, and other scrap metal in industrial electric arc furnaces. Researchers invented a carbon fiber-pitch binder composition that is tough enough to avoid recurrent electrode failure in industrial smelting. The technology also reduces the amount of carbon needed in the production process and resolves inefficient dispersion of carbon in current technology.
12/15/2010
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Lead-Free Solder
A lead-free solder for use in electronic soldering including electronics circuit boards used in cell phones, computers and other electronics. These low melting point alloys have been in use since 1994. As a result of the movement to reduce environmental contamination resulting from disposal of lead containing electronics components, government regulations in many countries prohibit use of leaded solders for electronics. SAC alloys and are now a standard in the electronics industry. ... read more
12/13/2010
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Ionic Liquids as Lubricants or Additives
New ionic liquids invented at ORNL show great promise as lubricants for aluminum and steel in combustion engines, bearings, and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). The ammonium-based ionic liquids are strongly adsorbant on contact surfaces, leading to a more than 30% friction reduction in metal-based interacting parts, compared with conventional 15W40 engine oil. This new class of lubricants can lead to dramatic energy savings: Friction and wear in machine parts costs the United States... read more
12/08/2010
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Multi-winding Homopolar Electric Machine Offers Variable Voltage at Low Rotational Speed
A nineteenth century invention by Michael Faraday, the Faraday disc machine, has undergone a twenty-first century improvement at ORNL. Now known as a homopolar electric machine, the ORNL invention offers greater (and variable) voltage output at low rotational speeds without a gearbox. Previous designs have been restricted to low voltage output at high rotational speed, thus requiring heavy and expensive gearboxes.
12/08/2010
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Microbial Fuel Cells for Recycle of Process Water from Cellulosic Ethanol Biorefineries
A method was invented at ORNL for removing inhibitor compounds from process water in biomass-to-ethanol production. This invention can also be used to produce power for other industrial processes.
12/08/2010
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Bioelectrochemical Treatment of Gaseous By-products
A new method for using gaseous compounds to produce energy, while also removing harmful by-products, was invented by ORNL researchers. This invention offers an efficient use of waste products, such as sulfurous compounds or carbon monoxide, and can reduce the overall cost of industrial operations.
12/08/2010
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Energy Saving Absorption Heat Pump Water Heater
ORNL’s new absorption heat pump and water heater technology offers substantial energy savings and can reduce the use of fossil fuels by buildings. While conventional heat pump water heater designs are limited to using toxic ammonia water systems, this system uses heat drawn from the ambient environment to achieve energy efficiency. This approach extends the application of the invention beyond industrial settings to residential and commercial use.
12/08/2010
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Calcium Hexa Aluminate Linings for Alkaline Environments
A new composition of calcium hexa aluminate developed at ORNL is a highly effective chemical barrier against corrosive materials inside storage, process, and transport vessel containers. The CA6 composition protects containers from the critical temperatures and chemical environments created by alkali and/or high alkaline salts or salt forming compounds.
12/08/2010
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Water-Heating Dehumidifier
A small appliance developed at ORNL dehumidifies air and then recycles heat to warm water in a water heater. The device circulates cool, dry air in summer and warm air in winter. In addition, the invention can cut the energy required to run a conventional water heater by an estimated 50 per cent.
12/08/2010
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Integrated Inverter Control for Multiple Electric Machines
Conventional electric or hybrid electric vehicles have a main motor and one or more accessory motors or generators, plus an inverter for each. A consequence of this design is that each vehicle requires a number of inverters and inverter controllers, plus the engine volume to house them all.
12/08/2010
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Magnetic Filtration Process, Magnetic Filtering Material, and Method of Forming Magnetic Filtering Material
ORNL researchers developed a new method for filtering materials and managing wastewater. This invention offers an integrated, intensified process to handle organic contaminants and heavy metals. By combining several separation processes and targeting different groups of contaminants, this invention is both cost effective and has the capability to be used in situ.
12/08/2010
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Alloys for Ethylene Production Furnaces
Ethylene production is one of the most energy intensive processes in the chemical industry, due to the decoking necessary to maintain ethylene furnace tubes.
12/08/2010
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MEMS-Based Pyroelectric Thermal Energy Scavenger
A new type of microelectromechanical system (MEMS ) high efficiency heat energy converter, or scavenger, was invented by ORNL researchers. This device is based on temperature cycled cantilevered pyroelectric capacitors. The scavenger converts thermal waste heat to electricity that can be used to monitor sensor systems, or recycled to provide electrical power while simultaneously reducing thermal cooling requirements. Given the current state of global industry, which discharges over 100... read more
12/07/2010
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New Lignin Separation Method from Ammonia Solutions
A scientist at the Savannah River National Laboratory has developed a new method to separate lignin from ammonia solutions. Bio-ethanol plants typically use ammonia to separate lignin from the cellulosic fibers for a more efficient operation. Lignin itself is a byproduct with a variety of potential markets. The new method provides an efficient means of separating lignin from the ammonia to provide a product free of impurities.
09/28/2010
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Water Heater Controller

The Water Heater Controller is a device that provides smart grid services from existing, installed electric water heaters. The device uses the water heater’s thermal energy storage to provide fast, autonomous regulation (both up and down) and short-duration spinning reserves for the power grid. Additionally, as part of a communicating energy management system the Water Heater Controller can shift the power demand for heating hot water to non-peak power demand periods. These services... read more

08/03/2010
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Energy Efficient Laboratory Fume Hood
Fume hoods, used to protect the user from breathing harmful chemical vapors, consume large amounts of energy, estimated to be 1GW in California alone. This power load comes from the fan power need to move air out the hood, and to condition make-up air.
06/24/2010
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Recovery of Sugars by Solvent Extraction
Researchers at the Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) have developed a technology to extract 5C and 6C sugars directly at two points in an ionic liquid biomass pretreatment process and deliver a concentrated solution of fermentable sugars. The process minimizes toxic byproducts and facilitates ionic liquid reuse.
06/24/2010
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Novel Thermophilic Cellobiohydrolase
Researchers at the Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) have developed a hyperthermophilic cellobiohydrolase protein (CBH) to break down cellulose into cellobiose at high temperatures. The JBEI CBH can be used in concert with JBEI endoglucanases (or any other endoglucanase with a similar temperature and ph profile) in high concentrations of ionic liquid. There is no loss of activity in ionic liquid concentrations up to 20%, and the enzyme cocktail is tolerant of ionic liquid concentrations of up to... read more
06/24/2010
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Orderly Deposition of Uncontaminated Graphene
Xiaogan Liang of Berkeley Lab has invented an inexpensive, high-throughput process for depositing pure few-layer-graphene (FLG) in a desired pattern onto substrates, such as silicon wafers. This method uses electrostatic forces to print FLG in dimensions ranging from less than 20 nm to 100 μm and has the potential to be combined with step-and-repeat technology to cover large areas.
06/23/2010
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Nanostructured Water Oxidation Catalysts
Heinz Frei and Feng Jiao of Berkeley Lab have developed a visible light driven catalytic system for oxidizing water. Efficient catalytic water oxidation is a critical step for any artificial sunlight-to-fuel conversion system.
06/23/2010
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Measurement Of Hydroperoxyl Radical
The technology can be used to build an apparatus for the measurement of the elusive hydroperoxyl radicals in atmospheric samples.
02/03/2010
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Harvesting Energy from Abundant, Low Quality Sources of Heat
The basic concept of energy harvesting is to collect energy from solar or other free sources of thermal energy that exist in the environment and convert them to electricity. In principle, this technique could provide power from low quality sources of energy such as waste heat at low temperatures. A collaboration between LLNL and UCLA has demonstrated that a bulk compound thermoelectric laminate can convert thermal energy to electricity. If produced as a thin-film material and operated at high... read more
02/03/2010
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Electrical Motor Drive Apparatus and Method
This invention discloses an electrical motor drive topology that can significantly reduce the inverter dc bus ripple currents and thus the requirement of the dc bus capacitance. It enables the inverter to cost-effectively operate in elevated temperature environments such as the engine compartment in a hybrid electric vehicle.
02/03/2010
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Substantially Parallel Flux Uncluttered Rotor Machines (U-Machine)
A general concern based on the supply and demand trend of the permanent magnet (PM) raw materials suggests the need for elimination of these materials from electric motors (and generators) to control future costs. This invention discloses a new motor topology that eliminates the PM. Other innovations include brushless adjustable field excitation for high starting torque, field weakening, and power factor improvement and novel locks for higher peak speed. This novel machine shows promising... read more
02/03/2010
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Internal/External Split Field Generator
These technologies are designs and methods that boost the efficiency of electric generators by decoupling the magnetic polarity of the driving mechanism while increasing the operational frequency of the machine. Both are unique, low cost methods to develop a generator with a higher power density.
02/03/2010
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Composite Biaxially Textured Substrates Using Ultrasonic Consolidation or Bonding
A novel method of manufacturing single crystal substrates for the entire array of High Temperature Superconductivity (HTS) applications. The process is based on ultrasonic bonding. The result is a mechanically strong, nonmagnetic material.
02/03/2010
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Fermentative Method for Making Nonoxide Fluorescent Nanoparticles (Quantum Dots)
A fermentative method for scalable, economical production of tailored quantum dots.
02/03/2010
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Thermal Management Using Carbon Nanotubes
Optimal thermal management, especially in such cases as microelectronic packaging, requires thermal interface material with high heat carrying capacity. Although individual carbon nanotubes exhibit high thermal conductivity, aggregate forms of nanotubes lose this property due to processing that result from their aggregation.
02/03/2010
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Direct Conversion of Light into Work
Alex Zettl, Jean M. J. Fréchet, and a team of Berkeley Lab researchers have discovered a mechanism for converting solar energy directly into mechanical work, thus eliminating the need for capital-intensive energy storage and distribution facilities.
02/02/2010
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Novel Biosynthetic Pathway for Production of Fatty Acid Derived Molecules
Jay Keasling and Eric Steen of Berkeley Lab have invented what may be the most efficient metabolic pathway for producing fatty acids, and their derived molecules of desired chain length, by utilizing fatty acid elongases.
02/02/2010
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Producing Beneficial Materials from Biomass and Biodiesel Byproducts
Researchers at Berkeley Lab have created a process to produce olefins from polyols that may be biomass derived. The team is also the first to introduce a method of producing high purity allyl alcohol at a large scale by using glycerol as the starting material instead propylene, a petroleum feedstock.
02/02/2010