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Ceramic membranes for use in catalytic membrane reactors with high ionic conductivities and improved mechanical properties

United States Patent Application

View the Complete Application at the US Patent & Trademark Office
Ceramics of the composition: where Ln is an element selected from the f block lanthanides and yttrium or mixtures thereof; M is an element selected from the d block transition metals or mixtures thereof; 0.1.ltoreq.x.ltoreq.0.4; 0.01.ltoreq.y.ltoreq.0.25 and .delta. is a number that varies to maintain charge neutrality are provided along with methods of their use. These ceramics are useful in making and using gas-impermeable ceramic membranes that exhibit high electronic and ionic conductivity, low coefficients of expansion and high chemical and thermal stability under catalytic membrane reactor conditions. The ceramics provided are particularly useful for promotion of oxidation-reduction reactions and for separating molecular oxygen from oxygen containing gases.
Mackay, Richard (Lafayette, CO), Sammells, Anthony F. (Boulder, CO)
09/ 905,651
July 13, 2001
[0002] This invention was made at least in part with funding from the United States Department of Energy Grant No. DE-FG02-94ERB1750. The United States Government has certain rights in this invention.