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Accurate Identification, Imaging and Monitoring of Fluid-Saturated Underground Reservoirs

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

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A seismic line from Ai Pim Western Siberia oil field was used to image two different types of oil-saturated reservoirs.
A seismic line from Ai Pim Western Siberia oil field was used to image two different types of oil-saturated reservoirs.

The well data indicate that the upper reservoir, marked AC11, consists of 11-15 m thick sandstone with varying fluid content.
The well data indicate that the upper reservoir, marked AC11, consists of 11-15 m thick sandstone with varying fluid content.

Technology Marketing SummaryUse of seismic low frequencies has strong potential for prognoses of fluid content and mapping of productive highly permeable zones of reservoirs. The low-frequency effects are especially important when no noticeable fluid signature is found in the high-frequency domain of seismic reflections from the oil-saturated reservoirs. Frequency-dependent seismic imaging allows the characterization of the subsurface fluid reservoirs in situations where other approaches fail.

To date, the low frequency imaging approach has been applied to a variety of data sets. It worked well in about 80% of the cases, while in other cases the interpretation outcome was uncertain. The limits and conditions of the method need to be further investigated so that the imaging procedure can be adapted to each case depending on the geology, data quality, frequency content, etc.

This technique will find applications in the search for and contouring of gas and oil deposits, as well as in underground water reservoir imaging, estimation of the size and shape of contamination zones, monitoring of underground liquid and gas storage, and, generally, in the global CO2 sequestration problem. DescriptionThin porous layers are effectively invisible to current seismic methods used for reservoir imaging. Since gas and oil deposits are usually attributed to fluid-saturated porous layers, Gennady Goloshubin and Valeri Korneev have developed an imaging method that provides a more accurate determination of saturation character for subsurface reservoirs. Berkeley Lab's new technique that takes into account a low frequency seismic response will allow improved imaging of thin porous liquid saturated layers (containing gas, water, oil, etc.), and substantially improve the accuracy of imaging of any porous rocks using surface and/or borehole seismic measurements. Benefits* Allows characterization of subsurface fluid reservoirs in situations where other approaches fail
* Improves imaging of thin, porous saturated layers
* Substantially improves the accuracy of imaging of any porous rocks using surface and/or borehole seismic measurements
* Enables differentiation between oil and water
* 80% success rate with a variety of data sets
Applications and Industries* Search for and contouring of gas and oil deposits
* Underground water reservoir imaging
* Estimation of the size and shape of contamination zones
* Monitoring of underground liquid and gas storage
* CO2 sequestration problem
More InformationKorneev, V.A., Goloshubin, G.M., Daley, T.M., Silin, D.B., "Seismic Low-Frequency Effects in Monitoring Fluid-Saturated Reservoirs," Geophysics, Vol 69, No. 2, March-April 2004, pg 522-532

Korneev, V., "Slow Waves in Fractures Filled with Viscous Fluid," Geophysics, Vol. 73, No. 1, 2008, N1-N7

Goloshubin, G., VanSchuyver, C., Korneev, V., Silin, D., Vangalov, V., "Reservoir Imaging Using Low Frequences of Seismic Reflections,"The Leading Edge, 2006, 527-531

Castagna, J.P., Sun, S., Siegfried, R.W., "Instantaneous Spectral Analysis: Detection of Low-Frequency Shadoes Associated With Hydrocarbons," The Leading Edge, February, 2003, 120-127

Odebeatu, E., Zhang, J., Chapman, M., Liu, E., Li, X., "Application of Spectral Decomposition to Detection of Dispersion Anomalies Associated with Gas Saturation,"The Leading Edge, 2006, 206-210

Silin, D.B., Korneev, V.A., Goloshubin, G.M., Patzek, T.W., "Seismic Reflection From a Fluid-Saturated Medium," 2004, 1-27

Goloshubin, G.M., Silin D.B., "Dual Porosity Bio-Barenblatt Model," EAGE 68th Conference & Exhibition, Vienna, Austria, 2006

Goloshubin, G.M., Silin, D., "Frequency-Dependent Seismic Reflection From a Permeable Boundary in a Francture Reservoir, " SEG/New Orleans Annual Meeting, 2006

Goloshum, G., Silin, D., "Using Frequency-Dependent Seismic Attributes in Imaging of a Fractured Reservoir Zone," SEG 2005

Korneev, V.A., Silin, D., Goloshubin, G.M., Vingalov, V., "Seismic Imaginig of Oil Production Rate," SEG Int'l Expostion and 74th Annual Meeting, Denver, Colorado, 2004

"Offshore Petroleum Exploration Opportunities On Offer in Australia," PESA NEWS, Australia in Focus, October/November 2006, 1-5
Patents and Patent Applications
ID Number
Title and Abstract
Primary Lab
Date
Patent 6,941,227
Patent
6,941,227
Frequency-dependent processing and interpretation (FDPI) of seismic data for identifying, imaging and monitoring fluid-saturated underground reservoirs
A method for identifying, imaging and monitoring dry or fluid-saturated underground reservoirs using seismic waves reflected from target porous or fractured layers is set forth. Seismic imaging the porous or fractured layer occurs by low pass filtering of the windowed reflections from the target porous or fractured layers leaving frequencies below low-most corner (or full width at half maximum) of a recorded frequency spectra. Additionally, the ratio of image amplitudes is shown to be approximately proportional to reservoir permeability, viscosity of fluid, and the fluid saturation of the porous or fractured layers.
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 09/06/2005
Issued
Technology Status
Technology IDDevelopment StageAvailabilityPublishedLast Updated
IB-1663DevelopmentAvailable - Available for licensing; 01/24/201101/24/2011

Contact LBL About This Technology

To: Shanshan Li<ipo@lbl.gov>