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Mechanochemical synthesis of alkali metal hydrides at room temperature

Ames Laboratory

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Technology Marketing Summary

Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory researchers have demonstrated a mechanochemical process to produce alkali metal hydrides at room temperature and moderate hydrogen gas pressure with quantitative yields.  This process is rapid, inexpensive, and scalable.

Description

Metal hydride synthesis typically involves either heating metals under a stream of hydrogen or employing transition metal catalysts and liquid hydrocarbons, thus requiring an additional purification step.  This new method of production allows for the use of simple mechanochemical processes at ambient temperature and slightly elevated hydrogen pressures.  Quantitative yields, short reaction times (depending on milling intensity and hydrogen pressure) and freedom from catalysts and solvent, this process should provide significant cost advantages versus traditional processing.  In addition, this process is safer than traditional processes as there is no risk of hydrogen accumulation and explosion.

Benefits
• Rapid and inexpensive large-scale production of alkali-metal hydrides
• Scalable process easily adapted for continuous processing
• Dry and catalyst-free process requires no further solvent removal or purification steps

 

Applications and Industries

Metal hydride synthesis

More Information

http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2016/ta/c6ta04391g#!divAbstract

http://isurftech.technologypublisher.com/technology/19738

 

Patents and Patent Applications
ID Number
Title and Abstract
Primary Lab
Date
Patent 9,663,364
Patent
9,663,364
Method of making alkali metal hydrides
A method is provided for making alkali metal hydrides by mechanochemically reacting alkali metal and hydrogen gas under mild temperature (e.g room temperature) and hydrogen pressure conditions without the need for catalyst, solvent, and intentional heating or cooling.
05/30/2017
Issued
Technology Status
Technology IDDevelopment StageAvailabilityPublishedLast Updated
4316PrototypeAvailable12/06/201712/06/2017

Contact AMES About This Technology

To: Craig Forney<licensing@iastate.edu>