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Method to Generate Oxygen-Rich Gas from Air Using Water

National Energy Technology Laboratory

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Technology Marketing Summary

Research is active on the patent pending technology titled, "A Method of Generating O2-rich Gas from Air Using Water." This technology is available for licensing and/or further collaborative research from the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory.

Description

Gas enrichment is often required in industrial operations to enhance efficiency but current techniques can be costly. Integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) technologies, for instance, are capable of generating power with high efficiency by producing heat and synthesis gas (H2 and CO) using Oxygen (O2)-rich gas, water, and carbon feedstock. While the water and carbon feedstock can be acquired by traditional means, the O2-rich gas requires significant expenditures of energy to produce, which lowers the overall gasification process efficiency.

This invention describes a simple and cost-effective method of obtaining O2-rich gas by dissolving air into water, which acts as an oxygen-carrying medium. Air (approximately 78 percent by volume of nitrogen and 21 percent by volume of oxygen) is continually injected into water and released in a unique configuration, causing the concentration of O2to become enriched with each cycle. These cycles take place in sub-units that each house two chambers which recycle the water between themselves. This process is repeated through a total of six sub-units until the O2 composition reaches 96 percent—on par with the more energy-intensive cryogenic technology that generates 95 percent purity oxygen.

If a higher percent purity of oxygen is required, two more sub-units can be added to the process to generate 99 volume percent O2 purity. Each sub-unit requires the same amount of energy to operate, so total energy cost is expected to be proportional to the required O2 purity.

The successful integration of this method into industrial processes would reduce the energy, environmental burden, and cost required to produce O2-rich gas, which would increase overall efficiency of industrial operations such as IGCC.

Benefits
  • Generates up to 99 percent pure O2 using only water and air
  • Recycles the water used in the process because it is not "consumed"
  • Eliminates the need for complex, expensive, and energy-intensive processes
  • Allows O2 generation at ambient temperatures
  • Eliminates the need for a water removal pretreatment in IGCC technologies
  • Decreases time needed to created O2-rich gas
Applications and Industries
  • IGCC Gasifiers
  • Oxy-fuel combustion plants
  • Smelting plants (e.g. basic oxygen furnace, convertor, blast furnace)
  • Oxygen separation for other commercial purposes
  • Other operations that require oxygen rich gas
  • Operations that need oxygen deficient gas
More Information

U.S. Non-Provisional Patent Application number 14/590,239 filed January 6, 2015 titled, "A Method of Generating O2-rich Gas from Air Using Water."

Inventors: Anna Nakano, Jinichiro Nakano, and James P. Bennett

Technology Status
Development StageAvailabilityPublishedLast Updated
PrototypeAvailable05/17/201705/17/2017

Contact NETL About This Technology

To: Jessica Sosenko<jessica.sosenko@netl.doe.gov>