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Electrostatic Graphene Loudspeaker

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

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Technology Marketing Summary

Alex Zettl and Qin Zhou of Berkeley Lab have developed a miniaturized graphene-based electrostatic audio transducer. The speaker / earphone is straightforward in design and operation and has excellent frequency response across the entire audio frequency range (20 Hz - 20k Hz) with performance matching or surpassing commercially available audio earphones. Details of this technology are available in the researchers' publication and other articles listed below.

Description

Graphene has extremely low mass density and high mechanical strength, key qualities for efficient wide-frequency-response electrostatic audio speaker design. Low mass ensures good high frequency response, while high strength allows for relatively large free-standing diaphragms necessary for effective low frequency response.

 
Benefits
  • Excellent frequency response across the entire audio frequency range (20 Hz - 20k Hz)
  • Performance matching or surpassing commercially available audio earphones.
Applications and Industries
  • Loudspeakers
  • Headphones 
More Information

Zhou, Q., Zettl, A. “Electrostatic Graphene Loudspeaker,” Cornell University Library, March 10, 2013.

“First Graphene Audio Speaker Easily Outperforms Traditional Designs,” MIT Technology Review, March 13, 2013.

Berger, Michael, “Experimental graphene earphones outperform most commercial headsets,”Nanowerk, March 21, 2013.

Dume’, Belle, “Graphene Loudspeakers could rival commercial speakers and earphones,”physicsworld.com, March 29, 2013.

 
Technology Status
Technology IDDevelopment StageAvailabilityPublishedLast Updated
IB 2013-030PrototypeAvailable12/20/201312/20/2013

Contact LBL About This Technology

To: Shanshan Li<ipo@lbl.gov>