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Reduced ternary molybdenum and tungsten sulfides and hydroprocessing catalysis therewith

United States Patent

5,872,073
February 16, 1999
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
Ames Laboratory - Visit the Iowa State University Research Foundation - Office of Intellectual Property & Technology Transfer Website
New amorphous molybdenum/tungsten sulfides with the general formula M.sup.n+.sub.2x/n (L.sub.6 S.sub.8)S.sub.x, where L is molybdenum or tungsten and M is a ternary metal, has been developed. Characterization of these amorphous materials by chemical and spectroscopic methods (IR, Raman, PES) shows that the (M.sub.6 S.sub.8).sup.0 cluster units are present. Vacuum thermolysis of the amorphous Na.sub.2x (Mo.sub.6 S.sub.8)S.sub.x .multidot.yMeOH first produces poorly crystalline NaMo.sub.6 S.sub.8 by disproportionation at 800.degree. C. and well-crystallized NaMo.sub.6 S.sub.8 at .gtoreq. 900.degree. C. Ion-exchange of the sodium material in methanol with soluble M.sup.2+ and M.sup.3+ salts (M=Sn, Co, Ni, Pb, La, Ho) produces the M.sup.n+.sub.2x/n (Mo.sub.6 S.sub.8)S.sub.x .multidot.yMeOH compounds. Additionally, the new reduced ternary molybdenum sulfides with the general formula M.sup.n+.sub.2x/n Mo.sub.6 S.sub.8+x (MeOH).sub.y [MMOS] (M=Sn, Co, Ni) is an effective hydrodesulfurization (HDS) catalyst both as-prepared and after a variety of pretreatment conditions. Under specified pretreatment conditions with flowing hydrogen gas, the SnMoS type catalyst can be stabilized, and while still amorphous, can be considered as "Chevrel phase-like" in that both contain Mo.sub.6 S.sub.8 cluster units. Furthermore, the small cation NiMoS and CoMoS type pretreated catalyst showed to be very active HDS catalysts with rates that exceeded the model unpromoted and cobalt-promoted MoS.sub.2 catalysts.
Hilsenbeck; Shane J. (Ames, IA), McCarley; Robert E. (Ames, IA), Schrader; Glenn L. (Ames, IA), Xie; Xiaobing (College Station, TX)
The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy (Washington, DC)
08/ 694,907
August 9, 1996
The United States Government has rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No.W-7405-Eng-82 between the U.S. Department of Energy and Ames Laboratory operated by Iowa State University.