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Phosphate glasses for radioactive, hazardous and mixed waste immobilization

United States Patent

5,840,638
November 24, 1998
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
Brookhaven National Laboratory - Visit the Office of Technology Commercialization and Partnerships Website
Lead-free phosphate glass compositions are provided which can be used to immobilize low level and/or high level radioactive wastes in monolithic waste forms. The glass composition may also be used without waste contained therein. Lead-free phosphate glass compositions prepared at about 900.degree. C. include mixtures from about 1 mole % to about 6 mole % iron (III) oxide, from about 1 mole % to about 6 mole % aluminum oxide, from about 15 mole % to about 20 mole % sodium oxide or potassium oxide, and from about 30 mole % to about 60 mole % phosphate. The invention also provides phosphate, lead-free glass ceramic glass compositions which are prepared from about 400.degree. C. to about 450.degree. C. and which includes from about 3 mole % to about 6 mole % sodium oxide, from about 20 mole % to about 50 mole % tin oxide, from about 30 mole % to about 70 mole % phosphate, from about 3 mole % to about 6 mole % aluminum oxide, from about 3 mole % to about 8 mole % silicon oxide, from about 0.5 mole % to about 2 mole % iron (III) oxide and from about 3 mole % to about 6 mole % potassium oxide. Method of making lead-free phosphate glasses are also provided.
Cao; Hui (Middle Island, NY), Adams; Jay W. (Stony Brook, NY), Kalb; Paul D. (Wading River, NY)
Brookhaven Science Associates (Upton, NY)
08/ 772,982
December 23, 1996
This invention was made with Government support under contract number DE-AC02-76CH00016, between the U.S. Department of Energy and Associated University, Inc. The Government has certain rights in the invention.