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Solid state proton and electron mediating membrane and use in catalytic membrane reactors

United States Patent

5,821,185
October 13, 1998
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
This invention provides catalytic proton and electron mediating membranes useful in catalytic reactors. The membranes have an oxidation and a reduction surface and comprise a single-phase mixed metal oxide material of the formula: wherein A is selected from Ca, Sr or Ba ions; B is selected from Ce, Tb, Pr, or Th ions; B' is selected from Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Al, Ga, or In ions, or combinations thereof; and x is greater than or equal to 0.02 and less than or equal to 0.5. The membranes can further comprise a catalyst on either the oxidation or reduction surface, or both. Membranes include those which are fabricated-by combining powders of metal oxides or metal carbonates of metal A ion, metal B ion and metal B' ion such that the stoichiometric ratio A:B:B' is 1:1-x:x where 0.2.ltoreq..times.0.5, repeatedly calcining and milling the combined powders until a single-phase material is obtained and pressing and sintering the singlephase material to obtain a membrane.
White; James H. (Boulder, CO), Schwartz; Michael (Boulder, CO), Sammells; Anthony F. (Boulder, CO)
Eltron Research, Inc. (Boulder, CO)
08/ 492,949
June 21, 1995
This invention was made with government support under Contract No. DE-FG0290ER81165, awarded by the Department of Energy and under Contract No. 111-9260336 awarded by the National Science Foundation. The United States Government has certain rights in this invention.