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Calorimetric system and method

United States Patent

5,806,979
September 15, 1998
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
Ames Laboratory - Visit the Iowa State University Research Foundation - Office of Intellectual Property & Technology Transfer Website
Apparatus for measuring heat capacity of a sample where a series of measurements are taken in succession comprises a sample holder in which a sample to be measured is disposed, a temperature sensor and sample heater for providing a heat pulse thermally connected to the sample, and an adiabatic heat shield in which the sample holder is positioned and including an electrical heater. An electrical power supply device provides an electrical power output to the sample heater to generate a heat pulse. The electrical power from a power source to the heat shield heater is adjusted by a control device, if necessary, from one measurement to the next in response to a sample temperature-versus-time change determined before and after a previous heat pulse to provide a subsequent sample temperature-versus-time change that is substantially linear before and after the subsequent heat pulse. A temperature sensor is used and operable over a range of temperatures ranging from approximately 3K to 350K depending upon the refrigerant used. The sample optionally can be subjected to dc magnetic fields such as from 0 to 12 Tesla (0 to 120 kOe).
Gschneidner, Jr.; Karl A. (Ames, IA), Pecharsky; Vitalij K. (Ames, IA), Moorman; Jack O. (Boone, IA)
Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc. (Ames, IA)
08/ 753,036
November 19, 1996
CONTRACTUAL ORIGIN OF THE INVENTION The United States Government has rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No. W-7405-ENG-82 between the U.S. Department of Energy and Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, which contract grants to Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc. the right to apply for this patent.