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High speed point derivative microseismic detector

United States Patent

5,774,419
June 30, 1998
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
Sandia National Laboratories - Visit the Intellectual Property Management and Licensing Website
A high speed microseismic event detector constructed in accordance with the present invention uses a point derivative comb to quickly and accurately detect microseismic events. Compressional and shear waves impinging upon microseismic receiver stations disposed to collect waves are converted into digital data and analyzed using a point derivative comb including assurance of quiet periods prior to declaration of microseismic events. If a sufficient number of quiet periods have passed, the square of a two point derivative of the incoming digital signal is compared to a trip level threshold exceeding the determined noise level to declare a valid trial event. The squaring of the derivative emphasizes the differences between noise and signal, and the valid event is preferably declared when the trip threshold has been exceeded over a temporal comb width to realize a comb over a given time period. Once a trial event has been declared, the event is verified through a spatial comb, which applies the temporal event comb to additional stations. The detector according to the present invention quickly and accurately detects initial compressional waves indicative of a microseismic event which typically exceed the ambient cultural noise level by a small amount, and distinguishes the waves from subsequent larger amplitude shear waves.
Uhl; James Eugene (Albuquerque, NM), Warpinski; Norman Raymond (Albuquerque, NM), Whetten; Ernest Blayne (Albuquerque, NM)
Gas Research Institute (Chicago, IL)
08/ 665,471
June 18, 1996
This invention was made with Government Support pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC-04-94AL85000 awarded by the Department of Energy. The government has certain rights in this invention.