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Magnesium-based energy storage systems and methods having improved electrolytes

United States Patent

9,525,191
December 20, 2016
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory - Visit the Technology Commercialization Program Website
Electrolytes for Mg-based energy storage devices can be formed from non-nucleophilic Mg.sup.2+ sources to provide outstanding electrochemical performance and improved electrophilic susceptibility compared to electrolytes employing nucleophilic sources. The instant electrolytes are characterized by high oxidation stability (up to 3.4 V vs Mg), improved electrophile compatibility and electrochemical reversibility (up to 100% coulombic efficiency). Synthesis of the Mg.sup.2+ electrolytes utilizes inexpensive and safe magnesium dihalides as non-nucleophilic Mg.sup.2+ sources in combination with Lewis acids, MR.sub.aX.sub.3-a (for 3.gtoreq.a.gtoreq.1). Furthermore, addition of free-halide-anion donors can improve the coulombic efficiency of Mg electrolytes from nucleophilic or non-nucleophilic Mg.sup.2+ sources.
Liu; Tianbiao (Richland, WA), Li; Guosheng (Richland, WA), Liu; Jun (Richland, WA), Shao; Yuyan (Richland, WA)
Battelle Memorial Institute (Richland, WA)
14/ 084,075
20140302404
November 19, 2013
STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT This invention was made with government support under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830, awarded by the U.S. Department of Energy. The government has certain rights in the invention.