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Device and method for upgrading petroleum feedstocks and petroleum refinery streams using an alkali metal conductive membrane

United States Patent

September 13, 2016
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
A reactor has two chambers, namely an oil feedstock chamber and a source chamber. An ion separator separates the oil feedstock chamber from the source chamber, wherein the ion separator allows alkali metal ions to pass from the source chamber, through the ion separator, and into the oil feedstock chamber. A cathode is at least partially housed within the oil feedstock chamber and an anode is at least partially housed within the source chamber. A quantity of an oil feedstock is within the oil feedstock chamber, the oil feedstock comprising at least one carbon atom and a heteroatom and/or one or more heavy metals, the oil feedstock further comprising naphthenic acid. When the alkali metal ion enters the oil feedstock chamber, the alkali metal reacts with the heteroatom, the heavy metals and/or the naphthenic acid, wherein the reaction with the alkali metal forms inorganic products.
Gordon; John Howard (Salt Lake City, UT), Alvare; Javier (Cottonwood Heights, UT)
13/ 679,696
November 16, 2012
U.S. GOVERNMENT INTEREST This invention was made with government support under Contract No. DE-FE0000408 awarded by the U.S. Department of Energy. The government has certain rights in the invention.