Disclosed herein is an isolable colloidal particle comprising a nanoparticle and an inorganic capping agent bound to the surface of the nanoparticle, a solution of the same, a method for making the same from a biphasic solvent mixture, and the formation of structures and solids from the isolable colloidal particle. The process can yield photovoltaic cells, piezoelectric crystals, thermoelectric layers, optoelectronic layers, light emitting diodes, ferroelectric layers, thin film transistors, floating gate memory devices, imaging devices, phase change layers, and sensor devices.
STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENTAL INTEREST
This invention was made with governmental support under grants from the U.S. National Science Foundation (DMR-0847535) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DE-AC02-06CH11357). The U.S. government has certain rights in the invention.