This disclosure provides methods of flash sintering and compositions created by these methods. Methods for sintering multilayered bodies are provided in which a sintered body is produced in less than one minute. In one aspect, each layer is of a different composition, and may be constituted wholly from a ceramic or from a combination of ceramic and metallic particles. When the body includes a layer of an anode composition, a layer of an electrolyte composition and a layer of a cathode composition, the sintered body can be used to produce a solid oxide fuel cell.
STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH
This invention was made with government support under grant number DE-FG02-07ER46403 awarded by the U.S. Department of Energy. The government has certain rights in the invention.