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Dispersed bubble reactor for enhanced gas-liquid-solids contact and mass transfer

United States Patent

January 26, 2016
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
An apparatus to promote gas-liquid contact and facilitate enhanced mass transfer. The dispersed bubble reactor (DBR) operates in the dispersed bubble flow regime to selectively absorb gas phase constituents into the liquid phase. The dispersion is achieved by shearing the large inlet gas bubbles into fine bubbles with circulating liquid and additional pumped liquid solvent when necessary. The DBR is capable of handling precipitates that may form during absorption or fine catalysts that may be necessary to promote liquid phase reactions. The DBR can be configured with multistage counter current flow sections by inserting concentric cylindrical sections into the riser to facilitate annular flow. While the DBR can absorb CO.sub.2 in liquid solvents that may lead to precipitates at high loadings, it is equally capable of handling many different types of chemical processes involving solids (precipitates/catalysts) along with gas and liquid phases.
Vimalchand; Pannalal (Birmingham, AL), Liu; Guohai (Birmingham, AL), Peng; WanWang (Birmingham, AL), Bonsu; Alexander (Birmingham, AL)
13/ 402,908
February 23, 2012
STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT This invention was made with Government support under Cooperative Agreement Number DE-NT0000749 awarded by the United States Department of Energy. The United States government has certain rights in the invention.