In certain embodiments of the present disclosure, a solid oxide fuel cell is described. The solid oxide fuel cell includes a hierarchically porous cathode support having an impregnated cobaltite cathode deposited thereon, an electrolyte, and an anode support. The anode support includes hydrocarbon oxidation catalyst deposited thereon, wherein the cathode support, electrolyte, and anode support are joined together and wherein the solid oxide fuel cell operates a temperature of 600.degree. C. or less.
GOVERNMENT SUPPORT CLAUSE
This invention was made with government support under DE-FG36-08GO88116 awarded by the U.S. Department of Energy and under award NNX07AL01A awarded by NASA. The government has certain rights in the invention.