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Second stage gasifier in staged gasification and integrated process

United States Patent

October 6, 2015
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
A second stage gasification unit in a staged gasification integrated process flow scheme and operating methods are disclosed to gasify a wide range of low reactivity fuels. The inclusion of second stage gasification unit operating at high temperatures closer to ash fusion temperatures in the bed provides sufficient flexibility in unit configurations, operating conditions and methods to achieve an overall carbon conversion of over 95% for low reactivity materials such as bituminous and anthracite coals, petroleum residues and coke. The second stage gasification unit includes a stationary fluidized bed gasifier operating with a sufficiently turbulent bed of predefined inert bed material with lean char carbon content. The second stage gasifier fluidized bed is operated at relatively high temperatures up to C. Steam and oxidant mixture can be injected to further increase the freeboard region operating temperature in the range of approximately from 50 to C. above the bed temperature.
Liu; Guohai (Birmingham, AL), Vimalchand; Pannalal (Birmingham, AL), Peng; WanWang (Birmingham, AL)
14/ 102,327
December 10, 2013
STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT This invention was made with Government support under Agreement/Contract Number DE-NT0000749, awarded by the United States Department of Energy. The Government has certain rights in the invention.