Methods of forming liquid hydrocarbons through thermal deoxygenation of cellulosic compounds are disclosed. Aspects cover methods including the steps of mixing a levulinic acid salt-containing feedstock with a formic acid salt, exposing the mixture to a high temperature condition to form hydrocarbon vapor, and condensing the hydrocarbon vapor to form liquid hydrocarbons, where both the formic acid salt and the levulinic acid salt-containing feedstock decompose at the high temperature condition and wherein one or more of the mixing, exposing, and condensing steps is carried out a pressure between about vacuum and about 10 bar.
GOVERNMENT RIGHTS STATEMENT
This invention was made with U.S. Government support under DE-FG-36-08GO18165 awarded by the Department of Energy; DE-FG02-07ER46373 awarded by the Department of Energy, Office of Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research; and DE-FG02-08ER64635 awarded by the Department of Energy. The U.S. Government has certain rights in the invention.