Composite membranes that are adapted for separation, purification, filtration, analysis, reaction and sensing. The composite membranes can include a porous support structure having elongate pore channels extending through the support structure. The composite membrane also includes an active layer comprising an active layer material, where the active layer material is completely disposed within the pore channels between the surfaces of the support structure. The active layer is intimately integrated within the support structure, thus enabling great robustness, reliability, resistance to mechanical stress and thermal cycling, and high selectivity. Methods for the fabrication of composite membranes are also provided.
STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY-FUNDED RESEARCH
This invention was funded by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DMI-0420147 (Phase I) and Grant No. OII-0548757 (Phase II), and by the Department of Energy under Grant No. DE-FG02-04ER84086, both administered by the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. The Government has certain rights in this invention.