The present invention provides titanium dioxide/single-walled carbon nanotube composites (TiO.sub.2/SWCNTs), articles of manufacture, and methods of making and using such composites. In certain embodiments, the present invention provides membrane filters and ceramic articles that are coated with TiO.sub.2/SWCNT composite material. In other embodiments, the present invention provides methods of using TiO.sub.2/SWCNT composite material to purify a sample, such as a water or air sample.
This invention was made with government support under Grant No. BES-0403581 awarded by the National Science Foundation and Grant Nos. DE-FG02-03ER15457/A003 and DE-AC02-06CH11357 awarded by the U.S. Department of Energy. The government has certain rights in the invention.