The invention provides recombinant bacteria, which comprise a full complement of heterologous ethanol production genes. Expression of the full complement of heterologous ethanol production genes causes the recombinant bacteria to produce ethanol as the primary fermentation product when grown in mineral salts medium, without the addition of complex nutrients. Methods for producing the recombinant bacteria and methods for producing ethanol using the recombinant bacteria are also disclosed.
GOVERNMENT SPONSORED RESEARCH
Funding for the present invention was provided in part by the Government of the United States under Grant Nos.: 01-35504-10669 and 00-52104-9704 from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and FG02-96ER20222 from the U.S. Department of Energy. The Government of the United States has certain rights in and to the invention.