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Apparatus and methods for regeneration of precipitating solvent

United States Patent

August 25, 2015
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
A regenerator that can handle rich loaded chemical solvent containing precipitated absorption reaction products is disclosed. The invention is particularly suitable for separating CO.sub.2 from large gas streams that are typical of power plant processes. The internally circulating liquid stream in the regenerator (ICLS regenerator) rapidly heats-up the in-coming rich solvent stream in a downcomer standpipe as well as decreases the overall concentration of CO.sub.2 in the mixed stream. Both these actions lead to dissolution of precipitates. Any remaining precipitate further dissolves as heat is transferred to the mixed solution with an inverted bayonet tube heat exchanger in the riser portion of the regenerator. The evolving CO.sub.2 bubbles in the riser portion of the regenerator lead to substantial gas hold-up and the large density difference between the solutions in the downcomer standpipe and riser portions promotes internal circulation of the liquid stream in the regenerator. As minor amounts of solvent components present in the exit gas stream are condensed and returned back to the regenerator, pure CO.sub.2 gas stream exits the disclosed regenerator and condenser system.
Liu; Guohai (Birmingham, AL), Vimalchand; Pannalal (Birmingham, AL), Peng; WanWang (Birmingham, AL), Bonsu; Alexander (Birmingham, AL)
13/ 712,491
December 12, 2012
STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT This invention was made with Government support under Agreement/Contract Number DE-NT0000749, awarded by the United States Department of Energy. The Government has certain rights in the invention.