A semiconducting device includes a piezoelectric structure that has a first end and an opposite second end. A first conductor is in electrical communication with the first end and a second conductor is in electrical communication with the second end so as to form an interface therebetween. A force applying structure is configured to maintain an amount of strain in the piezoelectric member sufficient to generate a desired electrical characteristic in the semiconducting device.
STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT INTEREST
This invention was made with government support under contract No. DE-FG02-07ER46394, awarded by the Department of Energy. The government has certain rights in the invention.