A system and method for trapping a charged particle is disclosed. A time-varying periodic multipole electric potential is generated in a trapping volume. A charged particle under the influence of the multipole electric field is confined to the trapping volume. A three electrode configuration giving rise to a 3D Paul trap and a four planar electrode configuration giving rise to a 2D Paul trap are disclosed.
This invention was made with government support under HG004764 and HG003578 awarded by National Institute of Health and DE-AC02-05CH11231 and DE-AC05-00ER22725 awarded by Department of Energy. The government has certain rights in the invention.