In one exemplary embodiment of the invention an internal combustion engine includes a piston disposed in a cylinder, a valve configured to control flow of air into the cylinder and an actuator coupled to the valve to control a position of the valve. The internal combustion engine also includes a controller coupled to the actuator, wherein the controller is configured to close the valve when an uncontrolled condition for the internal engine is determined.
FEDERAL RESEARCH STATEMENT
This invention was made with Government support under Agreement No. DE-FC26-05NT42415, awarded by the Department of Energy. The U.S. Government has certain rights in the invention.