A porous polymer, poly-9,9'-spirobifluorene and its derivatives for storage of H.sub.2 are prepared through a chemical synthesis method. The porous polymers have high specific surface area and narrow pore size distribution. Hydrogen uptake measurements conducted for these polymers determined a higher hydrogen storage capacity at the ambient temperature over that of the benchmark materials. The method of preparing such polymers, includes oxidatively activating solids by CO.sub.2/steam oxidation and supercritical water treatment.
The United States Government has certain rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC02-06CHI1357 between the United States Department of Energy and UChicago Argonne, LLC as operator of Argonne National Laboratories.