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Production of levulinic acid, furfural, and gamma valerolactone from C.sub.5 and C.sub.6 carbohydrates in mono- and biphasic systems using gamma-valerolactone as a solvent

United States Patent

March 19, 2013
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
A method to make levulinic acid (LA), furfural, or gamma-valerolactone (GVL). React cellulose (and/or other C.sub.6 carbohydrates) or xylose (and/or other C.sub.5 carbohydrates) or combinations thereof in a monophasic reaction medium comprising GVL and an acid; or (ii) a biphasic reaction system comprising an organic layer comprising GVL, and a substantially immiscible aqueous layer. At least a portion of the cellulose (and/or other C.sub.6 carbohydrates), if present, is converted to LA and at least a portion of the xylose (and/or other C.sub.5 carbohydrates), if present, is converted into furfural.
Dumesic; James A. (Verona, WI), Alonso; David Martin (Madison, WI), Gurbuz; Elif I. (Madison, WI), Wettstein; Stephanie G. (Madison, WI)
Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (Madison, WI)
13/ 445,643
April 12, 2012
FEDERAL FUNDING STATEMENT This invention was made with government support under DE-FC02-07ER64494 awarded by the US Department of Energy and W911NF-09-2-0010 awarded by the ARMY/ARO. The government has certain rights in the invention.