A process for upgrading an organic acid includes neutralizing the organic acid to form a salt and thermally decomposing the resulting salt to form an energy densified product. In certain embodiments, the organic acid is levulinic acid. The process may further include upgrading the energy densified product by conversion to alcohol and subsequent dehydration.
This invention was made with government support under DE-FG02-07ER46373 awarded by the Department of Energy, Office of Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research and DE-FG02-08G018165 awarded by the Department of Energy. The U.S. Government has certain rights in the invention.