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System and method to create three-dimensional images of non-linear acoustic properties in a region remote from a borehole

United States Patent

January 1, 2013
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
Los Alamos National Laboratory - Visit the Technology Transfer Division Website
In some aspects of the disclosure, a method for creating three-dimensional images of non-linear properties and the compressional to shear velocity ratio in a region remote from a borehole using a conveyed logging tool is disclosed. In some aspects, the method includes arranging a first source in the borehole and generating a steered beam of elastic energy at a first frequency; arranging a second source in the borehole and generating a steerable beam of elastic energy at a second frequency, such that the steerable beam at the first frequency and the steerable beam at the second frequency intercept at a location away from the borehole; receiving at the borehole by a sensor a third elastic wave, created by a three wave mixing process, with a frequency equal to a difference between the first and second frequencies and a direction of propagation towards the borehole; determining a location of a three wave mixing region based on the arrangement of the first and second sources and on properties of the third wave signal; and creating three-dimensional images of the non-linear properties using data recorded by repeating the generating, receiving and determining at a plurality of azimuths, inclinations and longitudinal locations within the borehole. The method is additionally used to generate three dimensional images of the ratio of compressional to shear acoustic velocity of the same volume surrounding the borehole.
Vu; Cung (Houston, TX), Nihei; Kurt T. (Oakland, CA), Schmitt; Denis P. (Dhahran, SA), Skelt; Christopher (Houston, TX), Johnson; Paul A. (Santa Fe, NM), Guyer; Robert (Reno, NV), TenCate; James A. (Los Alamos, NM), Le Bas; Pierre-Yves (Los Alamos, NM)
Chevron U.S.A., Inc. (San Ramon, CA), Los Alamos National Security (Los Alamos, NM)
12/ 463,802
May 11, 2009
GOVERNMENT RIGHTS This invention was made with Government support under Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) Contract Number DE-AC52-06NA25396 awarded by the United States Department of Energy. The Government may have certain rights in this invention.