A system and method for trapping a charged particle is disclosed. A time-varying periodic multipole electric potential is generated in a trapping volume. A charged particle under the influence of the multipole electric field is confined to the trapping volume. A three electrode configuration giving rise to a 3D Paul trap and a four planar electrode configuration giving rise to a 2D Paul trap are disclosed.
This invention was made with government support under Contract Number R21 HG003578 by the NIH National Human Genome Research Institute, R21 HG004764 by the NIH National Human Genome Research Institute, DE-AC05-00ER22725 by the U.S. Department of Energy, and DE-AC02-05CH11231 by the U.S. Department of Energy. The U.S. government has certain rights in this invention.