Systems and methods are disclosed herein for forming defects on graphitic materials. The methods for forming defects include applying a radiation reactive material on a graphitic material, irradiating the applied radiation reactive material to produce a reactive species, and permitting the reactive species to react with the graphitic material to form defects. Additionally, disclosed are methods for removing defects on graphitic materials.
STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH
The disclosed subject matter was made with government support under Grant No. DE-FG02-98ER14861, awarded by the Department of Energy. The government has certain rights in the disclosed subject matter.