Strains of xylose utilizing Zymomonas with improved xylose utilization and ethanol production during fermentation in stress conditions were obtained using an adaptation method. The adaptation involved continuously growing xylose utilizing Zymomonas in media containing high sugars, acetic acid, ammonia, and ethanol.
STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT RIGHTS
This invention was made with United States Government support under Contract No. 04-03-CA-70224 awarded by the Department of Energy and Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 between the United States Department of Energy and the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC, the Manager and Operator of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The U.S. Government has certain rights in this invention.