Disclosed herein is a device comprising a pair of electrodes; and a nanotube, a nanorod and/or a nanowire; the nanotube, nanorod and/or nanowire comprising a piezoelectric and/or pyroelectric polymeric composition; the pair of electrodes being in electrical communication with opposing surfaces of the nanotube, nanorod and/or a nanowire; the pair of electrodes being perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the nanotube, nanorod and/or a nanowire.
STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT
The U.S. Government has certain rights in this invention pursuant to the U.S. Department of Energy Grant No. DE-FG02-96ER45612, and National Science Foundation Materials Research Science and Engineering Center Grant No. FA9550-06-1-0022.