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Structures, systems and methods for harvesting energy from electromagnetic radiation

United States Patent

December 6, 2011
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
Idaho National Laboratory - Visit the Technology Transfer and Commercialization Office Website
Methods, devices and systems for harvesting energy from electromagnetic radiation are provided including harvesting energy from electromagnetic radiation. In one embodiment, a device includes a substrate and one or more resonance elements disposed in or on the substrate. The resonance elements are configured to have a resonant frequency, for example, in at least one of the infrared, near-infrared and visible light spectra. A layer of conductive material may be disposed over a portion of the substrate to form a ground plane. An optical resonance gap or stand-off layer may be formed between the resonance elements and the ground plane. The optical resonance gap extends a distance between the resonance elements and the layer of conductive material approximately one-quarter wavelength of a wavelength of the at least one resonance element's resonant frequency. At least one energy transfer element may be associated with the at least one resonance element.
Novack; Steven D. (Idaho Falls, ID), Kotter; Dale K. (Shelley, ID), Pinhero; Patrick J. (Columbia, MO)
Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC (Idaho Falls, ID)
11/ 939,342
November 13, 2007
GOVERNMENT RIGHTS This invention was made with government support under Contract No. DE-AC07-05-1D14517 awarded by the United States Department of Energy. The government has certain rights in the invention.