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Gas-tight metal/ceramic or metal/metal seals for applications in high temperature electrochemical devices and method of making

United States Patent

January 18, 2005
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory - Visit the Technology Commercialization Program Website
Gas-Tight Sealing Method for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
A method of joining metal and metal, or metal and ceramic parts, wherein a first metal part is selected and then processed to form a bond coat that will effectively bond to a sealing material which in turn bonds to a second metal or ceramic part without degrading under the operating conditions of electrochemical devices. Preferred first metal parts include alumina forming alloys from the group consisting of ferritic stainless steels (such as Fecralloys), austinetic stainless steels, and superalloys, and chromia forming alloys formed of ferritic stainless steels. In the case of chromia forming ferritic stainless steels, this bond coat consists of a thin layer of alumina formed on the surface, with a diffusion layer between the first metal part and this thin layer. The bond coat provides a good bonding surface for a sealing layer of glass, braze or combinations thereof, while at the same time the diffusion layer provides a durable bond between the thin alumina layer and the first metal part. In the case of alumina forming alloys, the bond coat consists of cauliflower-like growths of an aluminum oxide nodules embedded in the surface of the alumina forming alloys.
Yang; Zhenguo (Richland, WA), Coyle; Christopher Andrew (Pasco, WA), Baskaran; Suresh (Kennewick, WA), Chick; Lawrence Andrew (West Richland, WA)
Battelle Memorial Institute (Richland, WA)
10/ 260,630
September 27, 2002