An exemplary fuel cell of the invention includes a formic acid fuel solution in communication with an anode (12, 134), an oxidizer in communication with a cathode (16, 135) electrically linked to the anode, and an anode catalyst that includes Pd. An exemplary formic acid fuel cell membrane electrode assembly (130) includes a proton-conducting membrane (131) having opposing first (132) and second surfaces (133), a cathode catalyst on the second membrane surface, and an anode catalyst including Pd on the first surface.
STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT INTEREST
This invention was made with Government assistance under Department of Energy Grant No. DEGF-02-99ER14993, and DARPA Air Force Contract No. F33615-01-C-2172. The Government has certain rights in the invention.