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Filamentous carbon particles for cleaning oil spills and method of production

United States Patent

April 6, 2010
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
A compact hydrogen generator is coupled to or integrated with a fuel cell for portable power applications. Hydrogen is produced via thermocatalytic decomposition (cracking, pyrolysis) of hydrocarbon fuels in oxidant-free environment. The apparatus can utilize a variety of hydrocarbon fuels, including natural gas, propane, gasoline, kerosene, diesel fuel, crude oil (including sulfurous fuels). The hydrogen-rich gas produced is free of carbon oxides or other reactive impurities, so it could be directly fed to any type of a fuel cell. The catalysts for hydrogen production in the apparatus are carbon-based or metal-based materials and doped, if necessary, with a sulfur-capturing agent. Additionally disclosed are two novel processes for the production of two types of carbon filaments, and a novel filamentous carbon product. The hydrogen generator can be conveniently integrated with high temperature fuel cells to produce an efficient and self-contained source of electrical power.
Muradov; Nazim (Melbourne, FL)
University of Central Florida Research Foundation, Inc. (Orlando, FL)
11/ 807,803
May 30, 2007
Funded by U.S. Department of Energy under the contract No. DE-FC36-99GO10456.