A photovoltaic cell exhibiting an overall conversion efficiency of at least 9.0% is prepared from a copper-indium-gallium-diselenide thin film. The thin film is prepared by simultaneously electroplating copper, indium, gallium, and selenium onto a substrate using a buffered electro-deposition bath. The electrodeposition is followed by adding indium to adjust the final stoichiometry of the thin film.
REFERENCE TO GOVERNMENT
This invention was made with Government support under NREL-WFO-1326, Prime contract No. DE-AC36-83CH10093 awarded by the Department of Energy. The Government has certain rights in this invention.