Homogeneous and dense arrays of nanowires are described. The nanowires can be formed in solution and can have average diameters of 40-300 nm and lengths of 1-3 .mu.m. They can be formed on any suitable substrate. Photovoltaic devices are also described.
STATEMENT AS TO RIGHTS TO INVENTIONS MADE UNDER FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT
The invention described and claimed herein was made in part utilizing funds supplied by the United States Department of Energy under contract No. DE-AC03-76SF000-98 between the United States Department of Energy and The Regents of the University of California. The government has certain rights to the invention.