A method of forming a virtual substrate comprised of an optoelectronic device substrate and handle substrate comprises the steps of initiating bonding of the device substrate to the handle substrate, improving or increasing the mechanical strength of the device and handle substrates, and thinning the device substrate to leave a single-crystal film on the virtual substrate such as by exfoliation of a device film from the device substrate. The handle substrate is typically Si or other inexpensive common substrate material, while the optoelectronic device substrate is formed of more expensive and specialized electro-optic material. Using the methodology of the invention a wide variety of thin film electro-optic materials of high quality can be bonded to inexpensive substrates which serve as the mechanical support for an optoelectronic device layer fabricated in the thin film electro-optic material.
FEDERAL SUPPORT STATEMENT
This invention was made with government support under Contract No. DE-AC36-99G010337, Midwest Research Institute Subcontract No. ACQ-1-30619-13 awarded by the Department of Energy and Contract No. NAS3-02201, Subcontract No. 200492; LEW-17946-1 awarded by NASA. The government has certain rights in the invention.