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Data-fusion receiver

United States Patent

December 19, 2006
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
This invention is an ultra-low frequency electromagnetic telemetry receiver which fuses multiple input receive sources to synthesize a decodable message packet from a noise corrupted telemetry message string. Each block of telemetry data to be sent to the surface receiver from a borehole tool is digitally encoded into a data packet prior to transmission. The data packet is modulated onto the ULF EM carrier wave and transmitted from the borehole to the surface and then are simultaneously detected by multiple receive sensors disbursed within the rig environment. The receive sensors include, but are not limited to, electric field and magnetic field sensors. The spacing of the surface receive elements is such that noise generators are unequally coupled to each receive element due to proximity and/or noise generator type (i.e. electric or magnetic field generators). The receiver utilizes a suite of decision metrics to reconstruct the original, non noise-corrupted data packet from the observation matrix via the estimation of individual data frames. The receiver will continue this estimation process until: 1) the message validates, or 2) a preset "confidence threshold" is reached whereby frames within the observation matrix are no longer "trusted".
Gabelmann; Jeffrey M. (Boerne, TX), Kattner; J. Stephen (San Antonio, TX), Houston; Robert A. (San Antonio, TX)
10/ 922,630
August 20, 2004
STATEMENTS REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT This invention was made in part with government support under Contract No. DE-FC26-02NT41656, awarded by the Department of Energy. The United States Government has certain rights in this invention.