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Exhaust emission control and diagnostics

United States Patent

November 14, 2006
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
A diesel engine emission control system uses an upstream oxidation catalyst and a downstream SCR catalyst to reduce NOx in a lean exhaust gas environment. The engine and upstream oxidation catalyst are configured to provide approximately a 1:1 ratio of NO to NO2 entering the downstream catalyst. In this way, the downstream catalyst is insensitive to sulfur contamination, and also has improved overall catalyst NOx conversion efficiency. Degradation of the system is determined when the ratio provided is no longer near the desired 1:1 ratio. This condition is detected using measurements of engine operating conditions such as from a NOx sensor located downstream of the catalysts. Finally, control action to adjust an injected amount of reductant in the exhaust gas based on the actual NO to NO2 ratio upstream of the SCR catalyst and downstream of the oxidation catalyst.
Mazur; Christopher John (Canton, MI), Upadhyay; Devesh (Dearborn, MI)
Ford Global Technologies, LLC (Dearborn, MI)
10/ 064,957
September 4, 2002
CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS This invention was made with Government support under Prime Contract No. DE-FC26-01NT41103 awarded by the Department of Energy. The Government has certain rights in the invention. This application is cross-referenced to a related application (202-0638) being filed concurrently herewith and having Ser. No. 10/064,956.