The present invention relates to a new class of surface modified particles and to a multi-step surface modification process for the preparation of the same. The multi-step surface functionalization process involves two or more reactions to produce particles that are compatible with various host systems and/or to provide the particles with particular chemical reactivities. The initial step comprises the attachment of a small organic compound to the surface of the inorganic particle. The subsequent steps attach additional compounds to the previously attached organic compounds through organic linking groups.
STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT
This invention was made, at least in part, with funding from the National Science Foundation, Contract No. DMI-9901730, the Department of Energy, Contract No. DE-FG03-00ER82928 and the United States Navy Under Contract N68335-01-C-0176. Accordingly, the U.S. government may have certain rights in this invention.