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Antimicrobial polymer

United States Patent

September 6, 2005
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
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A polymeric composition having antimicrobial properties and a process for rendering the surface of a substrate antimicrobial are disclosed. The composition comprises a crosslinked chemical combination of (i) a polymer having amino group-containing side chains along a backbone forming the polymer, (ii) an antimicrobial agent selected from quaternary ammonium compounds, gentian violet compounds, substituted or unsubstituted phenols, biguanide compounds, iodine compounds, and mixtures thereof, and (iii) a crosslinking agent containing functional groups capable of reacting with the amino groups. In one embodiment, the polymer is a polyamide formed from a maleic anhydride or maleic acid ester monomer and alkylamines thereby producing a polyamide having amino substituted alkyl chains on one side of the polyamide backbone; the crosslinking agent is a phosphine having the general formula (A).sub.3 P wherein A is hydroxyalkyl; and the antimicrobial agent is chlorhexidine, dimethylchlorophenol, cetyl pyridinium chloride, gentian violet, triclosan, thymol, iodine, and mixtures thereof.
McDonald; William F. (Utica, OH), Huang; Zhi-Heng (Walnut Creek, CA), Wright; Stacy C. (Columbus, GA)
Michigan Biotechnology Institute (Lansing, MI)
10/ 068,054
February 5, 2002
STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT This Invention was made with U.S. Government support under NREL Subcontract NO. XXE-9-29058-01, Prime Contract No. DE-AC36-98GO10337 awarded by the Department of Energy. The U.S. Government has certain rights in this invention.