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Combined rankine and vapor compression cycles

United States Patent

April 19, 2005
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
An organic rankine cycle system is combined with a vapor compression cycle system with the turbine generator of the organic rankine cycle generating the power necessary to operate the motor of the refrigerant compressor. The vapor compression cycle is applied with its evaporator cooling the inlet air into a gas turbine, and the organic rankine cycle is applied to receive heat from a gas turbine exhaust to heat its boiler within one embodiment, a common condenser is used for the organic rankine cycle and the vapor compression cycle, with a common refrigerant, R-245a being circulated within both systems. In another embodiment, the turbine driven generator has a common shaft connected to the compressor to thereby eliminate the need for a separate motor to drive the compressor. In another embodiment, an organic rankine cycle system is applied to an internal combustion engine to cool the fluids thereof, and the turbo charged air is cooled first by the organic rankine cycle system and then by an air conditioner prior to passing into the intake of the engine.
Radcliff; Thomas D. (Vernon, CT), Biederman; Bruce P. (West Hartford, CT), Brasz; Joost J. (Fayetteville, NY)
UTC Power, LLC (South Windsor, CT)
10/ 463,457
June 17, 2003
FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH The U.S. Government has a paid-up license in this invention and the right in limited circumstances to require the patent owner to license others on reasonable terms as provided for by the terms of DE-FC02-00CH11060 awarded by the Department of Energy.